Pseudomyxoma peritoneum

Pseudomyxoma peritoneum (pseudomyxoma peritonei, synonym: chronic productive myxomatosis peritonitis, false lisevich peritoneum, ascitis gelatinosus) - accumulation in the peritoneal cavity mucous mass followed productive inflammation. Mucus gets into the peritoneal cavity at break of cysts-adenomas ovarian performed by goo vermiform process (mucocele), intestinal diverticulum, from the remnants of the ductus omphaloenterici. Caught in the peritoneal cavity epithelial cells are implanted and growing on the peritoneum, continuing to secureremote mucus, which leads to chronic productive peritonitis. The number of mucous or gelatinous masses sometimes up to several liters. Parietal peritoneum looks unevenly thick, wrinkled; thickened and shortened the greater omentum. Between bodies there are numerous spikes, limiting the mobility of the intestinal loops and sometimes causing intestinal obstruction.
In gelatinous-mucous masses can be found connective tissue cells and the cells of glandular epithelium. As a result of formation of growths, the formation of closed performed by goo cavities - cysts of different sizes, sometimes hanging on the leg with the lining of cylindrical epithelium, which makes the process of macro - and microscopic similarity with the tumor.
Surgical treatment. Limited pseudomyxoma peritoneal have a benign course; diffusive forms of possible relapse.