Psychasthenia

Psychasthenia characterized alarming suspiciousness, lack of agility, focus on his personality and experiences. Pathophysiological basis of these characteristics of patients psychasthenia is the prevalence of pathological second signal system, the presence of lesions congestive excitation, the inertia of cortical processes. Frequently observed in this compulsive obsession (obsessive thoughts, actions, desire) are a reflection of excessive inertia foci of excitement, and obsessive fears (phobias) - inert braking.
Objectives of the practice of medical physical culture are "slacking" pathological inertia of cortical processes and inhibition of pathological foci of inertia on the mechanism of negative induction.
To solve these tasks enable you exercise, emotional by nature, fast tempo performed automatically. Music accompanying classes should be cheerful, performed in pace, going from moderate to faster, until Allegro. The classes are very good to start with marches and propulsion songs. In a complex of physical exercises it is necessary to widely introduce the exercises, games, relay races, elements of competition.
In the future, to overcome feelings of inferiority and low self-esteem, shyness, it is recommended to include in the training exercises to overcome obstacles, on balance, strength exercises.
When forming groups to practice it appropriate to include several convalescent patients, emotional, with good plastic movements. This is important because patients psychasthenia differ aplastinae motor clumsiness movements, embarrassed. They, as a rule, do not know how to dance, so avoid and not love dancing. When obsessive-compulsive disorder has great value corresponding to the psychotherapeutic training patient, explained the importance of exercise to overcome feelings of unfounded fear.
To improve the emotional tone applied exercises in resistance performed in pairs, mass physical exercises, exercises with medicinale; to overcome a sense of uncertainty, insecurity exercises on shells, in equilibrium, jumping, overcoming obstacles.
During training the trainer should by all means to promote the contacts of patients with themselves and with each other.
The task is to initiate an automatic response and to increase the emotional tone of the patients achieved faster movements: from typical of these patients slow tempo 60 movements per minute up to 120, then from 70 to 130, and in subsequent lessons from 80 to 140.
In the final part of the classes are exercises that help some reduction emotional tone. It is necessary that the patient has left a hall of physiotherapy in a good mood.

A sample set of exercises at psychasthenia

1. Building on a circle by a person inside. Counting pulse rate.
2. The movement on a circle turn to one side, holding hands, with acceleration.
3. The movement on a circle on their toes one by one in one side, with acceleration.
4. I. p. - main hour. To relax, take a position at ease.
5. I. p. - main hour. Alternately lift your hands up (from right) with acceleration from 60 to 120 times a minute.
6. I. p. - legs shoulder-width apart, hands in the castle. 1-2 - raise your hands above your head - breath, 3-4 - to drop the hands of a party - exhale. 4-5 times.
7. I. p. - hands forward. To compress and decompress fingers with acceleration from 60 to 120 times a minute. 20-30 C.
8. I. p.-legs shoulder-width apart, hands in the lock, 1 - raise your hands above your head - breath, 2 - sharply lowered his hands between his feet, shouting "ha". 4-5 times.
9. I. p. - feet together, hands on your hips. 1-2 - Crouch - exhale, 3-4 - get - breath. 2-3 times.
10. I. p. - standing on their toes. 1 - get down on your heels - exhale, 2 - climb socks - breath. 5-6 times.
11. Exercise resistance in pairs:
a) standing facing each other, hold hands, bending their elbows. Each in turn has fought back with one hand while the other extends in the elbow joint. 3-4 times;
b) standing facing each other, holding hands. Resting his knees knees friend, sit down, straighten the arms, then to rise. 3-4 times.
12. Exercises with medicinale:
a) standing in a circle one after another. Passing the ball back over his head. 2-3 times;
b) playing each other two hands at a distance of 3 m
13. I. p. - standing in front of the ball. Jump through the ball, turn around. 4-5 times.
14. Exercises on shells:
a) balance - to pass on the bench, beam, Board, etc., 2-3 times;
b) jumping with gym benches, from his horse, etc., 2-3 times;
C) to climb the Swedish wall, take hold of the top rail in vis turn away your foot from the wall to the right and left, 2-3 times. Down, holding hands and leaning on his feet.
15. I. p. - main hour. 1-2 - rise on the toes - breath, 3-4 - falling on the full foot - exhale. 3-4 times
16. I. p. - main hour. Alternately relax arms, torso, feet.
17. I. p. - main hour. Counting the pulse.