The mental hygiene

Another area of primary prophylaxis of alcoholism and alcohol abuse is to promote the mental health of the population. Related mental dysadaptation individual psychological causes of alcohol abuse seems to be most resistant to the direct impact of social prevention. The essence of individual psychological foundations of alcohol, as mentioned above, is that in the intoxication of the individual compensates for certain flaws of his mental warehouse, transforms his mental state and the steps over the real difficulties of adaptation in specific situations. This way of existence in the future lead to the development of dependence on alcohol, as soon outside of reception of alcohol individual is no longer able to cope with their problems. Further, the use of alcohol can grow into alcoholism, which progresses, in accordance with its laws, and detached from the initial individual reasons. However, one of the primary parts of disease, as shown by clinical practice, in many cases are difficulties in the functioning of the psyche of the individual.
What causes mental dysfunction? On the one hand, there are adverse factors: different kinds of mental overload, too much information, increased responsibility, a significant density of social contacts, high speed of operation and other Part of such factors amenable to social correction and will eventually relent part will remain. The accession and new, yet unknown factors challenge the human psyche. Hardly possible to imagine the perfect greenhouse, gentle psyche regime, conditions of life of the people. Yes, and the benefits of such conditions is questionable. Overcoming the difficulties of adaptation is a necessary condition of development of the psyche. Therefore, if we exclude clearly excessive destructive mind impact, as the main causes of mental frustration is the imperfection of mental organization and psychic self-regulation of a specific individual. And acting on individual harmful factors, including alcohol, are showing this imperfection.
It is obvious discrepancy between the real level of mental abilities of an average human and potentially achievable today the necessary level of its development. The range of mental adaptation, the degree of self-regulation, the development of the abilities of man has today lags far behind the requirements of time, do not differ from the corresponding characteristics of a man of the past centuries. It is exaggeration the statement that today the main mental characteristics of a person are formed mostly spontaneously, on the basis of his personal experiences.
In modern conditions is not enough to control the development of mental using traditional pedagogical techniques, sometimes haphazard, undifferentiated, not allowing to achieve the desired individualization, not facilitating the identification and disclosure of the identity of the person. Modern psychology, medicine, and pedagogy have accumulated the most interesting data, allowing to improve the process of forming the mind, to bring it under effective control. Insufficient awareness of the population and improvement of psychic self-regulation, development of abilities. Given the current status of the person in a stressful situation is vulnerable, chooses the wrong behaviors, cannot cope with their own nerves. Here comes to using alcohol as a kind of "psychological crutch.
The solution is in strict scientific approach to the formation and monitoring of the development of psyche from the earliest age. We have to repeat that psycho-hygienic activities should begin in the home and parents are responsible for psychical health of the child after its birth.
An obvious link between the flaws of education, the curvature of mental warehouse and behavior of the child in situations with further difficulties in mental adaptation. The fundamentals of education and mental development of children should be made known to every family. You should increase the amount of educational assistance in incomplete . the families.
Particularly close attention to the family, who consume alcohol. The ancient aphorism "drunkards give rise drunkards" is substantiated. According to S. M. Grombach with co-authors (1985), out of 100 children with impaired mental development 90 were conceived in a state of intoxication. Permanent conflicts in the family drinkers nekrotizirutee child. A parent who abuse alcohol, lose credibility in the eyes of the child and in fact ceases to perform its parent function. Imitating, the child is able to absorb the negative forms of behaviour, including the habit of taking alcohol. According to the same authors, in children of school age from parents, alcoholism, in 95% of cases observed neuropsychiatric abnormalities of a various degree.
It is difficult to overestimate the role of the school in the formation of mentality and identity of child. It is expedient to increase considerably the volume of psycho-hygienic activities in the school. You need to raise qualification of teachers in this respect, to dramatically increase medical service school, much to raise the authority of the psychologist in school education.
Unfortunately, the situation with the introduction of the regular school counsellors can not pass the scope of the experiment. One of the latest, which lasted from 1981 to 1986 experiment in a number of Moscow schools, led by Yu. L. of Babinskogo. But back in 1979, the Collegium of the Ministry of education of the Estonian SSR adopted a position on the school psychologist. Has accumulated considerable experience...
In addition to control and direct participation in the development of mental activity of students, identification and optimization of their abilities, school psychologist and physician should go work on psycho-diagnostics and correction of deviations in mental development. The necessary analysis of each case of failure, but particularly noteworthy are the following groups of students: (a) case-conditioned psychogenic mental disorders; b) children with blurred mental anomalies and the sad signs of mental illness, with disadvantaged heredity; C) children with residual organic cerebral pathology; d) children with deviant behavior. These groups - suppliers of individuals who are prone to mental frustration, not able to achieve success in the basic educational activity, self-assertive in other areas, potential patients.
Perhaps the program of mental health, it is appropriate to introduce not only in schools but also in special educational institutions, as well as in higher educational institutions. Each graduate must be fluent in basic psycho-hygienic skills. Mental health is a natural obstacle to the addiction to alcohol.