Psychological peculiarities of children of younger school age

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The creation of different feelings associated in these children with the perception of a specific image, object or a living being. Most often, they are the joy at the sight of a beloved teacher, friend, relatives. They are full of indignation at the sight of the atrocities of the Nazis during the great Patriotic war and noisy react to the episodes of the movie, At the same time without talking about good and evil, the teachings about the need for good behavior, despite your indignation, almost do not cause any feelings. "What the children went! - you are disturbed.- Insensitive any, are not changing it!".
No. This is not the case. They are not insensitive. But "getting through" they only talk, even the most brilliant, very difficult. And it is difficult because the warehouse of their thinking, especially feelings are that children are not yet able to understand the whole essence of abstract, abstract reasoning. Given this, it is necessary to combine the education of the word, showing a wonderful experience. Remember the words of Anton Semyonovich Makarenko: "Try deeply, sincerely, passionately to aim to educate courageous person. In that case, cannot be limited to the edifying conversations"*.
Feelings of our Junior high students is very diverse. Soviet psychologists P. M. Jacobson, A. M. Bardeen and N. F. Dobrynin, etc. the following types of feelings: the intellectual, manifested in the form of curiosity, doubts, admiration new "discoveries", joy and satisfaction at the decision of difficult example, etc. Aesthetic feelings generated in the process of education of love to mother nature, to the Motherland, to her people. The development of these feelings promotes reading books, stories of parents about the beauty of nature and society, excursions outside the city, in the forest, exhibitions, museums, and other Moral or moral sense. These include a sense of duty, honor and dignity, partnership, friendship, collectivism and humanism. Let us dwell on the consideration of this kind of feelings, because they more than others, connected with the process of sexual education of children.
Younger students, being very impressionable, experience the feeling of responsibility for his comrades, we celebrate their success and sympathize with the failures, indignant at injustice, strive to help those who were in trouble, but sometimes do it awkwardly, ignoring the requirements of adults - parents, teachers, older brothers or sisters. This is what explains their tips, cheating and other manifestations of false camaraderie.
Despite the relatively large stock of moral knowledge, on the efforts of parents and teachers seeking to achieve from child translating this knowledge in a specific behavior, these moral knowledge is often remain "real estate" and very poorly reflected in actions. Especially it concerns the question of the relations between children of different sex. Fostering correct attitude to the opposite sex must begin very early, long before the child enters school. In school years, it continues and becomes more complicated. The education of a decent, high-relations between the sexes and noble feelings and aspirations, and reflective of their actions is the main task of the sexual education of schoolchildren. The younger the age - this is the first time organized training and education. It is time the most amazing, the most receptive to everything, the most ready not only to know, but immediately respond to this knowledge. At this age, most children form their relationship is certainly the partnership.

* A. S. Makarenko. Compositions. Uchpedgiz, M, 1946, page 42.