Psychological peculiarities of children of school age

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At the time of his early youth strengthens the will, develop such traits as persistence, determination, courage, criticism and self-criticism, self-control and self-control, initiative. However, all these features will develop only if the student has set a goal of self-education, if parents and educators can skillfully tactfully to lead his life, to direct its impulses and passions in the right direction. In other cases, there is a risk of improper organization of self-education. So, dreaming about heroism, the young man inflicts upon the wound in order to test their endurance, refuses food in order to verify the physical endurance, etc.,
Meanwhile, it is more expedient to direct its energy on self-education on the development of the ability to control himself in difficult life situations. With the aim of development of the will, the young man should be able to carefully analyze your identity, to find its good and bad qualities, to make a solid plan of overcoming our shortcomings.
A special role in the life of a high school play feelings. They become more persistent, deep and subtle. Boys and girls peculiar daydreaming, lyricism, focus on the future. Dreaming about the future, they often see everything in pink, feel ecstatic state, optimistic hopes. The striving to the future, dreams about him create the boys prevailing cheerful, "major" mood.
There are also cases, when the mood of the young man or girl is depressed, gloomy. This can be properly atmosphere of a family life, coldness in relations with family and friends, as well as individually-psychological differences. So, for example, becoming a young man, sensitive, sensitive, vicious teen (signs of a melancholy temperament) displays even more than before, suspiciousness, sadness, doubt everything. Even earlier cheerful, lively teenagers now seems people "not of this world". One of these guys - tenth of Gene people call "the man with the world in his detachment, care themselves, individualism.
Developed in senior high school student equanimity is reflected in the approach of the senses. Boys and girls know how good idea to restrain, for example, anger, irritation, hatred, admiration and others, but often mask their feelings. This disguise is different from their containment, hiding of the fact, that involves replacement of the natural expression of one's feelings of others *.
Sometimes we see indifferently talking to a young man and a girl classmate, and at the same time know that he is in love with her, looking for the reason for the meeting and at least a passing conversation.
In adolescence, there is increased emotional susceptibility to the actions and deeds of others, to the phenomena of nature. Seniors tend to make their assessment of this or that, to act, to analyze it, to draw conclusions. Human actions and natural phenomena, works of art called in this period lyrical mood, romantic feelings, great emotional response. High school students are the most caring people. Their age - the most bright, sensitive, and perhaps the most interesting.
Along with the development of intellectual feelings directed to the solution of educational and employment objectives, develop and aesthetic feelings associated with knowledge of the art, nature, literature.
The most significant place is occupied ethical, or moral, feelings, especially those dealing with gender relations, with special intimate experiences of young men and women. It is the feeling of friendship and the first youth love. Compared with Teens boys differently, more seriously and carefully, refer to fraternize, the choice of a friend. They put forward a clear and substantive requirements: the relationship of interests, attitudes, confidence and ability to remain faithful, sensitive and understanding, honesty and modesty and other
Youth inherent expectation of love, she dreams of meeting the one and only, she holds for him the best gusts and excitement. Such an emotional state, and raises new demands to the representatives of the opposite sex.

* P. M. Jacobson. The emotional life of the student. Publishing house "Prosveshenie", Moscow, 1966, page 147.