Treatment and prevention of psittacosis

Treatment of patients with psittacosis out in a hospital taking into account features of etiopathogenesis, forms and periods of clinical course of the disease. Strict bed rest. Apply tetracycline antibiotics, bakteriostaticheski acting on the agent. Appoint tetracycline 0.2 - 0.3 g 4 times a day for 5 to 10 days (to reduce intoxication and disappearance of inflammation in the lungs). Shows anti-inflammatory and antisense funds: pipolfen 0,025 g 3 times a day, diphenhydramine 0.05 g 3 times a day, acetylsalicylic acid 0.5 g 3 times a day within 5-7 days. In severe disease treated with corticosteroids (cortisone, prednisone), and cardiovascular means, detoxification solutions, oxigeno and vitamin therapy; in the period reverse the disease - physiotherapy. The forecast is favorable for life.
Prevention psittacosis includes veterinary-sanitary and health activities. It is crucial veterinary-sanitary supervision and control in the poultry farms, zoos, poultry and meat processing plants, etc., In poultry and piteopaeneui farms necessary wet processing slaughtered poultry, wet cleaning of premises and territories 5% clarified solution of bleach, 5% solution of bleach, Lysol, ventilation and mechanization of production, etc. and medical supervision of workers and employees. At occurrence of diseases among people hospitalized patients. For persons exposed to sick poultry, establish surveillance for two weeks with daily termometrovy, production allergic diagnostic tests and RAC with chlamydia psittaci antigen. Prevention by prescription taking tetracycline or debianized within 2-3 days. When processing bat birds must wear respirators and points, strict observance of personal prevention. Sputum and selection of patients disinfected 5% bleach solution or 4% solution of bleach.
In a trading network of birds gutted in the form of farms, troubled by psittacosis, go after the heat treatment. Disinfection of down and feathers is flowing steam at temperature of 105 degrees per 30 min
Convalescents discharged after the disappearance of clinical symptoms. After discharge from the hospital the patients are observed within one to two years.

Forecast in a timely started treatment is favorable. Caution you must put it in the elderly and patients with cardiovascular diseases.
Treatment is carried out in conditions of infectious hospital. Before the fall of temperature strict bed rest. If there is evidence appoint symptomatic funds (codeine and expectorants, camphor, caffeine, ephedrine, and others). Particularly important early administration of antibiotics commonly used in dosages (tetracycline, biomitsin, streptomycin and other). Given the possibility of relapse, antibiotics useful to appoint within 10 days.
Prevention. The importance of strict regulation of the import and transport of birds within the country using the quarantine. It is advisable to add antibiotics in animal feed birds when growing them in poultry farms. When working in poultry farms and ptitsekombinatov needed washing and disinfection of hands, aprons, oversleeves, cleaning and disinfection of equipment and premises. Especially important mechanization of processing of carcasses of birds. From the farms, troubled by psittacosis, birds in the trading network send gutted and eggs implement through public catering enterprises after heat treatment (cooking hard boiled). Disinfection of down and feathers is flowing steam at temperature of 105 degrees per 30 min
For persons working in poultry farms, ptitsekombinatov, zoos, pet stores, establish medical supervision. Patients psittacosis hospitalized. A sputum specimen is collected in that spittoon with a disinfectant. Cleaning chambers spend wet with disinfectants.
Specific prevention is not developed.