The mental hygiene, the content and objectives

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The mental hygiene - the branch of medicine that develop measures to preserve and strengthen the mental health of the population and studying conditions for optimal mental functioning person.
The mental hygiene - section of hygiene, developing measures to preserve and strengthen the mental health of the person. The mental hygiene is closely connected with the psychological prevention (see) and their distribution largely conditional, as the maintenance and strengthening of mental health is impossible without prevent mental illness. The mental hygiene deals and healthy people and patients. In the first case, the mental health aims at improving the sustainability of mental health and resilience of different harmful factors of the environment; in the second, it is about preventing the development of initial forms of mental illnesses and their recurrence.
The mental hygiene has been researching the influence of the environment on mental health, emit harmful factors in nature and society, at work, at home, defines and organizes the ways and means of overcoming adverse effects on mental sphere. Manufacturing, in particular, provided by the legislation of the need for compliance with scientifically developed hygienic and psycho-hygienic norms directs engineering for the improvement of all innovations, equipment, technologies, working conditions, allows to use more completely the achievements of scientific-technical revolution for the benefit of man. It is clear that the presence of mental disorders, mental discomfort incompatible with the concept of human health.
The mental hygiene is developed on the crossroads of diverse medical and other disciplines, as in the correct solution of tasks of preservation and promotion of mental health of the population directly interested various specialists, psychiatrists, therapists, pediatricians, health professionals, psychologists, sociologists, teachers, etc. But the way of knowledge, according to its methodology psycho hygiene closest to health, namely the social hygiene. If social hygiene refers to the study of the influence of the social environment on human health and focuses on the adverse factors with a view to preventing their pathogenic effects on the body, the mental health will be interested in all of this is in the part that concerns mental health. Thus, the main objective of mental health, is that given the large values of heredity, biological factors in the origins and manifestations of mental pathology study the influence of social environment on mental health and to develop measures for prevention of mental illness.
The mental hygiene as a science and as a set of measures is not yet accumulated enough knowledge and their own methods of research to become fully independent. Historically, that it originated and developed as part of psychiatry. Through the mental health communication between psychiatry and social hygiene. In the framework of mental health, mastering the methods of social hygiene (including statistical) helps clinicians, psychiatrists more fully and properly assess the role of social and biological aspects of psychopathology emitting prevention as the primary activity.
The orientation of mental health, prevention, increased attention to border mental health, socio-psychological maladaptive and compensating mental sphere factors, the expansion of research and practical work among mentally healthy population, the study of optimal mental functioning human allow recently in a number of cases to consider and mental hygiene as a branch of medical psychology.
Psychology is the science that studies human mental activity in norm. Medical psychology is the scientific direction, studying psychological aspects of medicine and developing methods of psychological research in pathological conditions.
In accordance with the General formulated above purpose it is possible to highlight a number of specific tasks of the Soviet health care in the struggle for a healthy mind and harmonious personality. These objectives provide direction of mental health, and are reduced to the development of theory and practice established by the present time the following sections: mental hygiene work; age mental health; mental health care and education; the mental health of the family and sexual life; mental health and leisure life; the mental health of a sick person; the fight against addictions and alcoholism.
Work in the field of mental health, sports, military, engineering, space of mental health, and other
A tool for the practical implementation of the achievements of mental health are:
1) creation for state and public institutions science-based regulations and recommendations governing the conditions of providing various types of social functioning of individuals;
2) training of certain populations, transmission psycho-hygienic knowledge, skills (health workers, teachers, parents, and others);
3) health education psycho-hygienic work among wide layers of the population;
4) wide promotion psycho-hygienic knowledge with involvement of public organizations.