Microlepia (pycnolepsia; from the Greek. pyknos - frequent and lepsis - attack - a specific form of short (5-60 seconds) and multiple (15 to 150 per day) seizures types of absences in children (Franz. absence absence).
Microlepia occurs at the age of 4 to 10 years, mostly girls. Absences are repeated every day, usually over many months and years. Characterized by sudden onset and instant end, surface dimming consciousness ("idea"), the lack of precursors (PTA) and polaritonic disorders, rhythmic friendly eye movements, head (sometimes the body) up, down, or sideways. At the time of absence children usually react to the injections, not drop anything from the hands and sometimes continue the work; after absansa immediately come to himself, I remember about him. Microlepia not accompanied epileptic mental changes.
Etiology of penolepe unclear. Well known is the role of family history of mental and endocrine and autonomic disorders, debilitating disease in early childhood and mental trauma. Pathogenesis and nosology P. unclear, but most agree that the PA - a benign type of epilepsy (see). This is confirmed by coincidence electroencephalographic changes (P. when they were basically the same as at a small epilepsy) and the subsequent development of disease (in about half of cases to absences added deployed epileptic seizures). Although most cases of penolepe is really "microlepton" the beginning of epilepsy, however, we cannot completely deny the existence of P. in the proper sense of the word as a specific disease with favorable prognosis. In these cases, the more effective are often not antiepileptic and tonic and obespokoeny money that is set by individual selection of medicines and dosages.