"Rejoice that you are sick!"

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"Middle ages, " wrote Karl Marx, - has evolved from very primitive conditions. It erased from the face of the land of ancient civilization, ancient philosophy, politics, law, and start all over from the beginning."
Please note, medicine in this listing is missing. Even in the early middle ages, when died centuries of accumulated material and spiritual values of the ancient world, medicine survived. More than that: among the Sciences, not subjected to the Church ban, it took perhaps the first place. But what was the medicine!
The Christian Church itself determined the place and role of the doctor in medieval society. As for the rest, she was guided by the Foundation of their religious teachings.
Two ideas prevailed in it.
One that physical sickness - not that other, as a result of the wrath of God or of Satan and his many assistants. They inflict on people's physical and mental suffering.
"All diseases Christians should be attributed to demons, ' " he instructed famous religious figure of Saint Augustine. And the other not less known theologian, Tertullian, insisted that every man continuously watches evil angel.
The Christian religion was not the author of this idea, the same age of the ancient man, in his imagination the divided world of the material, natural and supernatural, inhabited by spirits of good and evil, powerful heavenly beings. For example, a physician Babylonian saw my task is to drive away the sick evil spirits and demons, to call for help of any kind. The seven most powerful demons Babylonians had their names and among them the Labarthe daemon childhood diseases. Against his wiles was hanged on the neck of a child little stone plate with the sign of the curse, which served the same protective role that subsequently cross Christians.
And in order to Labarthe not returned to the home to a sick child, made him the image of clay, asphalt, wax, wood, regarded figure in the cemetery and for greater strength tied demon of disease to the Bush.
And another example. Not so long ago, American physician and traveler Harry Wright made the way in the jungle of the upper Amazon basin, where still lives indigenous communities, unaffected by modern civilization. In these places, practically no outsiders, and he talked with Bruja, as it is called there herbalist local tribe.
- What death is, Pimento? asked Wright at the witch doctor.
Pimento paused, as though hesitating, touched his amulet made of feathers hanging on the wrist, then said:
- Death is not my word, Senor doctor. That's your word. Each person has his spirit, and many spirits surrounding him. If his spirit leaves the body or someone else's spirit enters the body, then there is what you call death. To banish evil spirits from the tribe - this is my job, my responsibility before the people.
As you can see, and here the spirits as the cause of disease, the cause of the death. Besides the Christian religion, as well as its more ancient predecessor, seen in diseases and sufferings of the means through which God governs the people, and laid hands upon them for violation of the covenants, for abandoning its laws and, by the way, for curiosity, the pride of the soul, the person is not mandatory. These views Christianity added another.
Christianity believes sickness benefit.
"Rejoice that you are sick! - assure the believer. "You got a chance to think about your sins, be aware of their sinfulness and repent. Rejoice, and be happy that you were sick! This means that God, who himself suffered a lot, chose you and specifies the path of salvation."
Could the religion to promote the development of medical science? To study the true causes of disease? To approve experiments, experiments? No, of course!
Another idea religious teachings applied to the field of medicine. The Church offered their ways of influence on the disease.
"On indescribable medicine, words untold drug, the antidote, standing very helpful and friendly, gentle laxative, unless I am permitted to use this expression, leaving in the shadow of all medical prescriptions, surpassing all the flavors by its smell, tinctures - fortress".
What an eloquent, truly poetic advertising! Before you the description of the medicines recommended by one of the bishops of the VI century his flock. He gave this advice: neskonlith stone dust with plates on the grave of the Saint, dissolve it in liquid and drink in diseases of the bowel.