Lung cancer

At present there is a sufficient number of experimental observations showing that regular muscle loading increases the organism resistance to the formation of malignant tumors. At the same time, statistically reliable information on the incidence of cancer, including lung cancer, former athletes and mortality from them both in our country and abroad no. Managed to find only two works of L. Schmid [L. Schmid, 1965, 1975]. According to him, the development of malignant tumors is happening in former athletes at an earlier age and occurs more frequently than those not engaged in sports. The author believes that this may depend upon abrupt cessation of active sports activity that occurs in most cases when retiring from the sport. This causes a significant change in the exchange processes, as sharply violates life stereotype. Nature sports activity does not affect the appearance of the tumor and its localization.
As for lung cancer, the analysis of 54 deaths from lung cancer former athletes, held Schmid, showed that the average age of their equal (57,8±11,7) years, which corresponds to an average age of deaths from lung cancer persons not engaged in sports. In relation to the type and location of the tumor author has failed to make a conclusion by the small size of the group. A large part of the dead were smokers. Statistically significant was the influence of intensive endurance training, as most were representatives of sports such as long-distance running, swimming, Cycling and other
Based on these scarce literature data shows that the possibility of lung cancer in athletes is not excluded.
Presented in this Chapter data on some diseases of the respiratory system of athletes show first of all that this question is essential for sports medicine and should be developed. These data, on the one hand, confirms the large Wellness role of sport, with another - known peculiarity of occurrence and course of various diseases of the respiratory system of athletes, due to the peculiarities of the device of external respiration - both functional and structural. Sports physician must remember that the athlete, as well as persons who are not involved in sports, may support a variety of lung diseases, including malignant tumors.