Ranula

Ranula - sublingual retention cysts that occur when the obstruction of the excretory ducts small Muco-salivary glands is a tumor formation under the mucous membrane in size from 0.5 up to several centimeters, bluish-transparent, soft-elastic consistence; colourless viscous liquid. Grow large, ranula makes eating (especially in children).
The treatment is surgical removal of the entire shell ranula.

Ranula (lat. ranula; from rana - frog), sublingual retention cyst - like education anterior bottom of the mouth. The name has been preserved since ancient times due to the similarity in appearance with pharyngeal bubble frogs.
The reason of education of renal not entirely studied. There are indications of injury or inflammation. More likely statement about the formation of cysts as a result of blockage of one of the groups Muco-salivary glands front of the Department of floor of mouth or lobules sublingual salivary glands.
Common in adults and in children. In typical cases, ranula is located directly under the mucous membrane with sizes from 1.5 to 3-4 cm in diameter, clean-looking, but with a bluish tint. Ranula not usually occupies a Central position, expanding, she can move to the center or to push the m fiber. mylohyoideus and down in the chin area. Painful sensations ranula no harm; having reached the impressive sizes, makes the movement of the tongue, eating and prevents speech. Always it should be borne in mind cyst sublingual salivary glands. Contents ranula: 95% water, and the rest - protein substances in the form of mucin.
Surgical treatment. A small cyst removed completely by husking, which, however, is not always possible because of the delicate, thin wrapper cysts. Method of cystotomy, i.e. excision serving the cyst wall along with covering the lining, does not exclude recurrence. Radical treatment is removal of the cyst, together with the relevant sublingual salivary gland.