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Socially-hygienic aspects of the prevalence of alcohol abuse

Some socially-hygienic aspects of the prevalence of alcohol abuse.
The results of a sample survey of alcohol abuse among residents of Moscow shows that the number of patients with alcoholism, consisting on the account in a psychoneurological institutions does not reflect the true size of alcohol abuse. A certain part of people suffering from alcoholism, especially in the early stages of the disease, is not registered as such persons are difficult to identify. In addition to alcoholism, to the category of abuse should include also persons, and often excessive consuming alcoholic beverages, with single, not yet deployed signs of illness.

Table 7. Distribution contingents, alcohol abusing women and men, depending on the basic place of their registration (in percentage to the number surveyed)
Group Men Women Both sexes
The persons consisting on the account in a psychoneurological dispensaries
Persons taken to the sobering-up station
Persons served by ambulance in a state of alcoholic intoxication

13,6
63,4

18,0

21,3
33,3

45,4

14,1
66,1

19,8

Conducted jointly with B. N. Bockenem study contingent abuse alcohol, according to the psycho-neurological dispensaries, medical sobering-up stations and stations of emergency medical care (table. 7), shows that one in seven (14,1%) of the total number of alcohol abusers is registered in the mental hospital concerning alcoholism; the largest share in the contingent of medical sobering-up stations (66,4%); persons served by ambulance in a condition of alcoholic intoxication, was the fifth part.
The data table. 7 suggests that men bulk of the abusers are delivered in a sobering-up station (68,4%), and women are the main contingent abusers are persons who served by ambulance in a condition of alcoholic intoxication (45,4%). The intensive analysis of the figures indicates that the ratio between women and men in the average numbers of abusers is 1:20, including consisting in the dispensary-1 : 10, the group delivered in a sobering-up station - 1 :32 and in the group serviced by ambulance in a condition of alcoholic intoxication-1:6.
The majority (about 60%) alcohol abusing women and men account for the age groups 40-49 and 30-39 years.