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The recipe is written request of the doctor to the pharmacist that contains a decree on the preparation and distribution of drugs, as well as instructions as this drug should benefit the patient.
There are the following recipe drugs: 1) official of the recipe of products included in the State Pharmacopoeia or in the technical specifications approved by the Pharmacological Committee of the Ministry of health of the USSR; 2) trunk (from the Latin magister - teacher, head) recipe, made at the discretion of the physician. Preparation of drugs Pharmacopeia the division is carried out on chemical-pharmaceutical companies and are often in pharmacies; trunk - only in pharmacies. At the present time due to the significant expansion of production of medicines trunk recipe drugs may be prescribed by doctors only in the case when the condition of the patient (or the nature of the disease) does not allow to use ready-made medications. While doctors can only prescribe such medicines, which include medications, allowed the Pharmacological Committee of the Ministry of health of the USSR to be used in honey. practice and compatible in prescription drug form.

list of abbreviations in recipes
List of abbreviations recipes

The recipe is also a legal document, as it allows to check up correctness of preparation of medicines. He must be made on a specific form on the forms in the size 85x150 mm Recipe contains instructions which medicines should be taken, in what quantities and at what dosage form their manufacture. The recipe has economic value as a document for the cheating in the consumption of drugs and ancillary materials. Rules prescriptions approved by orders of Ministry of health USSR № 24 of January 21, 1959 and № 308 dated July 11, 1961 In the recipe it is usual to use abbreviations (see table).
Recipe consists of the following parts: a) title (stamp of the medical institution where the issued recipe, with address and phone number; if the prescription is issued not from the institution, must bear the name of the physician, its address and phone number); b) the patient's name and initials, and the recipe for children and persons over 60 years of age must be specified age, for checking doses; C) date of delivery of the prescription; if prescribed toxic substances, the prescription is valid for no more than 30 days from the date of issuance, all other recipes valid within 2 months; g) the surname and initials of the doctor who prescribes a prescription; e) the transfer of medicines, included in the copy. Before the transfer is written appeal of the doctor to the pharmacist - recipe (Latin - take), abbreviated Rp., next, put a colon and starts listing the titles of medicines in Latin according to the degree of their significance. The name of each drug in the genitive case is written on a new line, shorter names are only allowed in cases that do not cause different interpretations, and the names of poisonous or strong substances can not be reduced. To the right is put the number of named substances in grams or its shares. When prescribing multiple medications in the same dose, the dose is put in the recipe once after the name of the last of them; here symbol in front of the number, written ana (or AA), which means "fifty-fifty". The doctor may instruct the pharmacist to determine the right amount of some auxiliary (indifferent) substances; the doctor writes in P. quantum satis, or q. s.,- as you need. When prescribing medicines, dosed in biological units of (for example, antibiotics and other), in the prescription should specify the number of units (ED). Liquids in small amounts usually prescribed in drops; however, after the name of medication is written gtts. (guttas - Capel), their number is denoted by Roman numerals (e.g gtts. V). A recipe that prescribed only one drug, called simple recipe, and if two and more complex. Complicated recipes are usually medicines are written in the following order: 1) basis - the main substance; 2) adjuvans - supporting, reinforcing or weakening the action of the principal; 3) corrigens - correcting taste, smell, color medicines; 4) constituens - give form to the drug; normally, an inactive substance (water, sugar, fat, and so on). The presence of all these kinds of medicines in the recipe is optional, it can vary as needed [for example, some medications, which has a bitter taste, as are those with sugar, which in this case has two purposes: it gives form to the drug (powder) and improves its taste]. Form recipe recipe can be deployed (indicate all the ingredients of the medication), abbreviated (recipe starts with the name of the medicinal form, for example solutionis, unguenti and so on, followed by the name of a drug and the designation of the concentration and quantity) and polusekretnye, including elements of a quick and fundamental forms. In the same section prescription indicate: the method of manufacturing of medicines, the packing or packaging, which must be remitted medicine - pills, capsules, dark glass, and so on (in cases when the doctor does not indicate the name of the container, the pharmacist must select it depending on the properties of drugs), and number of doses.