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The concept of rehabilitation of patients with mental disorders

Tertiary prevention grew rapidly after the second world war in connection with the necessity of labour and social development of persons with disabilities. High moral responsibility before significant part of humanity, the victim of war, partially or completely lost health, working ability or social status, found in many countries its expression in the systematic activity of society and the state, come under different names: rehabilitation, rehabilitation, resocialization, rehabilitation therapy, etc.
The concept of rehabilitation is not only a more pronounced social shade, but requires some legal accent: under the rehabilitation understand the restoration of social status, restoration of their rights. The term "rehabilitation" is usually used by medical staff; now re-adaptation referred to as the device (mainly biological, but also social) to life, to work at a new level by developing remaining after illness compensatory abilities of the body. Resocialization is referring to the fullest possible recovery lost due to diseases of social ties and the acquisition of new ones. The essence of replacement therapy is to fix the remaining after illness or injury structural or functional disorders, preventing life in society and socially useful activity of a person (such as excision of the scars that restrict movement in joints, plastic surgery after burns person; replacement of bodies whose functional ability, prostheses and other).
The scope of such activities was so great that it gradually acquired an international character, received a theoretical substantiation, became an independent field of knowledge under the name of "rehabilitation" and spread of the disease, not connected with the war. Currently, according to the recommendations of the who, it is accepted to divide the medical, vocational and social rehabilitation.
Any disease of organs and body systems: eye disease, cardiovascular or speech defect - man gives a mental reaction. The depth and quality of this reaction depends on many factors: the severity of the underlying disease and related complications, a character created by the disease objective and subjective conscious patients situation, peculiarities of the personality of the victim, his character, temperament, its social orientation, position, ability to correctly evaluate what happened and to adapt to the new conditions, the relations of others, and so on, that is why rehabilitation under any form of pathology of the organism should include mental aspect. When mental illness integral personality of man is applied much more damage than at the diseases of the body. If any mental illness very early start to suffer social relations of a man. Therefore rehabilitation of mentally ill always comes down to their re-socialization. Volume of rehabilitation assistance to the population, its nature and orientation exclusively determined by local conditions and depend on the political system, the economic level of development of medicine, public health, development of the network of social security of the population, the dominant ideology, the interest of the state and society in addressing issues of rehabilitation and other important circumstances.