Damage to rail transport

There are injuries that occur when rolling the wheels rolling stock through the body, and lesions generated when struck parts of a moving train, followed by omitting the body to the railroad. The varieties of such injuries include compression of the body between the bumpers of the cars, falling from a moving train and damage inside the wagons.
When you are passing through the body of the wheels of rail transport, a number of specific damage. These include stripes pressure and wiping.


Fig. 44. Rolling wheels of railway transport through the body. 1 - wheel tread; 2 - flange; 3 - rail head; 4 - localization bands rubdown; 5 - location of forming bands pressure; 6 - localization of place of dissection.

Band-pressure - print pressing the surface of the wheel rim on the skin. At the initial stage of contact of the body with the wheel comb his (flange) presses and pulls down the body. While you rotate the wheel occurs scissor action flange with simultaneous down the rest of the body to the head rail rolling the wheel surface. Mark pressure on the skin has the form of a strip of parchment density width up 8-14 see In the first 12 hours after injury color stripe pink-purple, then brown. Seal skin comes from its drying. Band pressure has clear boundaries. In the underlying tissues find alopecia, slight bleeding. In the course of pressure there may be lots of breaks in the skin, have rounded or oval shape. Such gaps arise in the rolling wheel through the chest or abdomen (Fig. 44).
Band rubdown - sednenie of periderm through the strips edges pressure. It is formed at friction side wheel surface of the skin at the time of its rolling through the body. These injuries have a width from 2 to 15 cm and in their form reminiscent of the band pressure. On the strip down the disturbed layer of the epidermis as small rags wrapped in the direction opposite to the rotation of the wheel, which in some cases allows to solve the question of position of a body on the tracks. In subcutaneous adipose tissue and underlying muscles are observed extensive bleeding.
It should be borne in mind variants of design features gauge trains, trams, locomotives, narrow-gauge railcars and others, as well as the rail head for the named transport. The nature of rolling of wheels through a body in each instance can have its own characteristics.
As a result of more wheels rolling through the body can be a Department head from the body, the separation of the body and breaking limbs. The Department head from the body soft tissues are presented crushed, found bleeding in the aperture of the mouth, subclavian and subscapularis region, as well as in the neurovascular bundle. On the skin of the neck is always find a strip of pressure and depending on body position on the rails - strip wiping, which at the location of the front surface of the neck on the rails is observed in the chin and submandibular areas and in contact with the rear rail of the surface - on the neck and back of the Line separating the skin from the side rail quite flat, with hand wheel - wavy. The facial skin is contaminated with lubricating oils and elements of the railway's ballast (Fig. 45).


Fig. 45. Department head wheels of railway transport (suicide).

The separation of the body may occur at the level of the chest, abdomen and pelvis. In these cases, the skin also expressed strip pressure and depending on their location, you can judge the position of a body on the tracks at the moment of moving through it. So, if the bar pressure there is on the front surface, it is believed that the body rear surface pressed against the rails. Along strips down in the soft tissues are found extensive bleeding. Rolling wheels through a trunk is accompanied by gross destruction and displacement of the internal organs of the chest and abdomen. There may be cases of multiple dismemberment of the limbs and pelvis, which arise at the moment of pulling the body along railway tracks. While the dismembered parts discovered at a considerable distance from the place of the initial injury.
When moving through the limbs arise crushed fractures of long tubular bones. The plane of fracture on the outside of the track krupeshina, transversely oriented, and the inside has a slanting direction.
When the blow parts of a moving train, followed by omitting the body specific damages are traces slip. Traces of the drawing are formed when pulling the body along railway tracks. In the first case they arise at the moment of capturing of the body to parts of a moving train (when the body out of a rut), the second - after the rejection of the body specific damages are time continues to move by inertia. The resulting abrasion have a characteristic appearance. They form a kind of bands that are parallel to each other and can be found on various surfaces of the body. Along with this, there are a vast patchwork wounds that occur when hitting sleepers, crutches and other Surface specified damages are usually contaminated with particles of the ballast and lubricants.
In case of compression of cars (or parts thereof) arise damage in the form of gaps, breaks, shift bodies, education traumatic hernias (breaks through the aperture), the presence of multiple fractures of the ribs, spine and shoulder blades. Sometimes the skin can detect the imprints of the protruding parts of the cars. When falling from a moving railway transport, there is a significant extent and massiveness of damage.
The inspection of the scene at the train injury can be difficult due to the fact that the corpse was provocatively many hundreds of meters or even kilometers) from the scene protruding part of the rolling stock. In the process of drawing can occur dismemberment of a corpse and its separate parts will be located at a considerable distance from each other.
When inspecting the corpse is very important to lock the position and location of the corpse in relation to the railroad tracks, embankments, and the nature of the damage and contamination of clothing and body. If the inspection is subjected to a train, reveal the traces and the nature of the spray of blood, overprint in the form of pieces of soft tissues and internal organs, as well as particles service and other