The resistance of the organism

The resistance of the body is the body's resistance to the action of various pathogenic factors (physical, chemical and biological).
The resistance of the organism are closely connected with the reactivity of the organism (see).
The body's resistance depends on the individual, in particular constitutional, features.
There are nonspecific resistance, i.e. resistance to any pathogenic influences, regardless of their nature, and specific, usually to a particular agent. Nonspecific resistance depends on the state of barrier systems (skin, mucous membranes, reticuloendothelial system and others), non-specific bactericidal substances serum blood phagocytes, lysozyme, properdin, and so on) and systems pituitary - adrenal cortex. Specific resistance when infection is ensured by the reactions of the immune system.
In modern medicine are widely used methods to improve both specific and non-specific resistance of the organism - vaccination (see), autohemotherapy (see), proteinuria (see), and so on

The resistance of the body (from lat. resistere - resistance) - the body's resistance to the action of pathogenic factors, i.e. physical, chemical and biological agents that can cause pathological condition.
The body's resistance depends on its biological, specific features of the Constitution, sex, stage of personal development and anatomical and physiological features, in particular the level of development of the nervous system and functional differences in the activity of internal secretion gland (hypophysis, adrenal, thyroid gland), as well as the state of the cell substrate, responsible for the production of antibodies.
The resistance of the organism are closely connected with functional state and reactivity of the organism (see). It is known that during winter hibernation some species are more resistant to the effects of microbial agents, such as tetanus and dysenteric toxins, pathogens of tuberculosis, plague, glanders, anthrax. Chronic starvation, severe physical fatigue, mental injury, poisoning, colds, etc. reduce the resistance of the organism and are the factors that predispose to the disease.
There are non-specific resistance of organism. Non-specific resistance of the organism is provided barrier functions (see), the content in the body fluids of special biologically active substances - compliments (see), lysozyme (see), opsonins, properdin and by the state of such a powerful factor of nonspecific protection, as phagocytosis (see). Important role in the mechanisms of nonspecific resistance of the body plays an adaptation syndrome (see). Specific resistance of the body due to species, group or individual characteristics of the organism under special effects to it, such as when active and passive immunization (see) against infectious agents.
Practically it is important that resistance of the body can be enhanced by artificial means with the help of specific immunization, and. also the introduction of serum or gamma-globulin convalescents. Increase nonspecific resistance of the organism has been used as a folk medicine since ancient times (moxibustion and acupuncture, create pockets of artificial inflammation, the use of such substances of plant origin, as ginseng and others). In modern medicine took a firm place such methods increase nonspecific resistance of the organism, as autohemotherapy, proteinurija, introduction antireticular cytotoxic serum. Stimulation of the resistance of the organism by means of nonspecific effects - effective way the overall strengthening of the body, which increases its protective capabilities in the fight against various diseases.