Resorts Of Romania

Romania is very rich in natural healing remedies. In this small but beautiful country (its territory 237 502 km2and a population of 18 877 000 people), there are over 2000 different physico-chemical properties of mineral sources, dozens of mud and water lake lakes located in the most picturesque districts of the Republic; on the Black sea coast has beautiful beaches and places for sea bathing; in the Carpathians are a lot of wonderful climatic stations and landscape areas.
These generous and precious gifts of nature have become widely used for organization of mass rest and restore the health of workers only from 1948, i.e. since the establishment in the country of the people's power.
In the bourgeois government resorts of Romania were inaccessible to broad layers of the population, they organized on commercial basis and were used mainly as places for entertainment landlords and financial magnates.
The government of the Socialist Republic of Romania and the Romanian Communist party, caring about improving the health of its people, immediately after the nationalization of the resorts have taken measures to systematic development and the development of resort and wealth of the country. Each year increased spending on new construction and landscaping of the resorts on the further expansion and development.
Currently, in Romania operates 79 balneological and 100 Alpine resorts and stations, of which 25 resorts of national significance. In 1960, at the resorts of Romania was treated and rested over 590 000 workers and employees; it is almost 200 times more than in 1938
Located in moderate altitudes in South-East Europe, Romania has a mild continental climate. While the Western part of the country close by climatic features for Central European climatic area, and the Eastern and North-East are affected by the climate of Eastern Europe. On the climatic features separate areas of Romania are strongly influenced by the mountains, occupying a Central and Northern part of the country (the Eastern and Southern Carpathian mountains with prevailing height 1300-1500 m and 1500-2000 m, Western and Romanian Banat mountains). On plains average January temperature ranges from -1 to -5 degrees, falling from South-West to North-East. In the mountains the average January temperature ranges from -2 to -4°, in the foothills to -10 degrees and below in the upper zone. On the coast of the Black sea, the average January temperature is higher than in remote areas him. The average July temperature ranges from +23 degrees in the Danube valley to +20 degrees in the North-Western part of the country. In the mountains at an altitude of about 900 meters the temperature falls to +14, +15 degrees. The annual precipitation decreases from West to East and from mountains to lowlands. The highest rainfall (800-1000 mm) falls on the Western slopes of the Romanian mountains, in the high part of the East. In the Carpathians, and the lowest on the Black sea coast and in the Danube Delta (300-400 mm).
The warmest areas of Romania are Oltenia and Banat, situated in the West of the lower Danube lowland and Carpathians protected from cold North Eastern winds. The winter is mild (the average temperature in January is 0 degrees), hot summers (temperatures in July +23 degrees). The coldest are mountainous areas of the Carpathians and the Transylvanian plateau lying between mountains, valleys and closed hollows. Winters are longer (3-4 months with an average temperature of January -4,9 degrees), and summers are short and cool (with average temperature in July is +19 degrees).
Each of the nine historical provinces Oltenia and Muntenia, Moldova and North Dobrudzha, Transylvania and Krishna, Maramures, Banat and southern Bucovina - have a variety on the profile and significance of resorts and medical areas. The largest among them are the following resorts:
a) balneological with acidulous waters - Borsec, Buzias, Vatra Dornei, Burned;
b) with hydrosulfide waters and thermal salt lakes - "heliotherapy" - Herculane, Murmuring, Sovata, Windows Sibiului;
in) balneological, mostly drinking - Calimanesti, Olanesti, Slanic Moldova, Singers;
g) balneo-mud - Amara, bazna, Victoria, techirghiol;
e) the climate of Primorsko - Mangalia, Mamaia, Eforie;
e) mountain - Busteni, Sinaia, Predeal.