Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes - carbohydrate metabolism, due to insufficient secretion of the pancreas insulin. This disease occurs quite often. Its reasons are: violation of the Central nervous regulation, diabetes genetics, infectious diseases, excessive consumption of carbohydrates.
Insulin deficiency leads to the violation of absorption of glucose tissues and reducing the formation of glycogen, resulting in increased blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and highlight it with the urine (glycosuria).
The main symptoms of diabetes are: constant thirst, excessive excretion (polyuria), excessive appetite, muscle weakness, skin itch.
Diabetes often leads to complications such as abrasions, atherosclerosis, hypertension, tuberculosis, obliterating endarteritis, followed by gangrene and other
Life-threatening manifestations of diabetes are hypoglycemic and hyperglycemic coma. First observed a sharp drop in blood sugar (with an overdose of insulin), the second is due to intoxication of an organism products of incomplete combustion of fat (the accumulation of ketone bodies).
The main thing in the treatment of diabetes - diet low in carbohydrates and fats, the drugs that reduce blood sugar, and medical physical culture.
With the help of physical exercises are solved special applications, such as stimulating effect on the utilization of sugar in the body, compensation insulin deficiency, increase the body's resistance to carbohydrates.
In doing therapeutic exercises are exercises for all muscle groups. For large muscles of the movement carried out with the big amplitude of slow and middle tempo, and for the fine - at a fast pace. Commonly used exercises with weights and on gymnastic apparatus (gymnastic wall, the bench, the bar). The duration of lessons 30-45 minutes Patients with mild form of diabetes need to do dosed walking (from 2 to 10 km and more), sports exercises, skiing, skating, swimming, tennis and other games. This requires strict medical-pedagogical control. Patients diabetes, moderate exercise is recommended for moderate and low intensity with the participation of all groups of muscles, breathing exercises and relaxation exercises muscles. Duration of training 25-30 minutes Apart therapeutic exercises used dosed walking.
Diabetes is often complicated (especially in patients of middle and old age) diseases of the cardiovascular system (atherosclerosis and hypertension). Lessons from these patients are held in relation to the method of characteristic complicating the diabetes disease. The load should be determined by degree of adaptation of the cardiovascular system and an indicator of blood sugar in the urine.
In severe form of the disease, therapeutic physical training should be started after the launch of patients because of her condition, in order to prevent complications associated with physical inactivity, and infringement of metabolism. Adaptation of the patient for physical activity should be gradual.
The first classes are conducted according to the methods applied at illnesses of cardiovascular system, depending on the assigned stationary mode. Before compensation (to reduce blood sugar and urine under the influence of diet and drugs) in patients younger and middle age total body burden should be small or moderate. Commonly used exercises for small and medium muscle groups. Exercises for the major muscle groups are included gradually and carefully, as the adaptation of the organism to load. In further added dosed walking from 500 m to 2 km and sedentary games (croquet, bowls).
At the dosage of the load must be considered that intense muscular work increases sugar content in the blood, and long-running at a slow pace exercise reduces. Patients diabetes is contraindicated exercises with a pronounced total power, voltage and exercises on speed, since they are executed in the muscles is dominated by anaerobic processes and increases content in the blood acidic foods.