Sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic software

Sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic security - a complex of measures on preservation of health and prevention of emergence and spread of infectious diseases among military personnel and population.
Sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic providing troops. Sanitary-hygienic measures in the army include the monitoring of food, water, a bath-and-Laundry service, regular and special clothes and footwear of the military, the placement of personnel in the barracks, field conditions and defensive structures, collection, removal and disposal of sewage and waste, operation of weapons and equipment, observance of rules of personal and collective hygiene. An important section of sanitary-hygienic measures is the control over a condition of protection of servicemen from the action of privredna war labor (for example, microwave radiation, influence of components of rocket fuel, etc). To sanitary measures include the examination of water and food contamination of their RV and S.
Among the epidemic control measures include: preventive measures that are carried out constantly, regardless of epidemic situation, and measures for the elimination of the arisen epidemic foci.
Prevention of introduction of infectious diseases in the army is a system of epidemic barriers at reception of replenishment in call-up and collection points in the military offices of spare parts rear and front. In all these facilities include an inspection of the personnel with the purpose of identifying patients and suspected infectious disease, their isolation at first aid and evacuation in infectious hospitals or departments of hospitals. On the routes of movement of the troops inspected by sanitary checkpoints. In the regions of location and combat troops carried out sanitary-epidemiological intelligence (see Medical intelligence) to identify centers of infectious diseases among civilians, troops of the enemy, and detection of natural foci. Prevention of introduction of infectious diseases from the front to the rear is carried out through the identification and isolation of infectious patients at all stages of medical evacuation, among Nevelskoy contingents, as well as among prisoners of war and the treatment of patients in the field of infectious hospitals to recovery. Preventive measures also include measures to prevent the incidence of diseases in the army from possible sources inside part. These activities include accounting ill with dysentery (in the last two years), Tivo-protivosemnye infections, periodic inspection and, if necessary, additional treatment, systematic observation and tank. the survey at least twice a year; the examinations and periodic (at least twice a year) survey on carriage of workers of food and water; medical examinations of replacement outfit into the kitchen and other
In order to prevent the occurrence and spread of infectious diseases in the army also carried out a preventive disinfection, disinsection and deratization and immunization (see).
The elimination of the arisen epidemic foci is Pgam isolation of infectious patients in prison part to hospitalization in infectious hospital of infectious disease Department of a hospital), increased medical surveillance personnel of troops, introduction of a state of observation (see) or quarantine (see Quarantine, Karantinnaya), targeted improvement of the sanitary state of troops and sanitary conditions in the areas of their stay, the final and current disinfection (see), and if necessary sanitary treatment (see). According to the testimony is immunoprophylaxis and emergency prevention.
Implementation of sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic measures is the responsibility of the entire military health service (see the Medical service of the Armed Forces). Many of these activities is done by nurse both independently and under the guidance of doctors (medical monitoring of food, water and life of military personnel, the identification and isolation of infectious patients, sampling for laboratory research and laboratory, the evacuation of infectious patients, conducting of disinfection and disinsection and others). Laboratory studies and qualified sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic measures carried out by specialists from sanitary and epidemiological institutions with the participation of secondary health care workers (examination of the military trains personnel sanitary checkpoints on routes of movement of troops, participation in sanitary-epidemiological intelligence and others).

  • Sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic security in civil defence