Sanitary facilities

Sanitary facilities - support facilities of industrial and municipal institutions and enterprises for the storage of domestic and working clothes of workers and employees, sanitation workers and other needs.
The composition of sanitary facilities depends on sanitary characteristics of the production processes. So, for the main garment manufacturing processes, precision instrumentation and watch factories legislation, sanitary facilities comprising dressing area and vanity; in machining, tool, model and woodworking workshops, spinning and weaving industries, domain, rolling, forging, foundry, petrochemical, etc., workshops and productions - part a cloakroom, washrooms and shower; production processes associated with the handling of poisonous and radioactive substances and infective materials in the composition of the inspection with dressing room, shower room and washroom. In addition to the General sanitary-household premises for various manufacturing processes, you have a special sanitary facilities [in the presence in the premises of high humidity premises for drying working clothes, if you have a large dust - building for dedusting working clothes, working with hazardous and radioactive substances storage facilities for storage and disposal (decontamination) working clothes and others]. When working with the air temperature at the workplace below minus 10° required to have premises for heating and drying of working clothes.
Health legislation imposes special requirements to the design, size and equipment of sanitary facilities. Thus, planning of sanitary facilities should, as a rule, to exclude counter flows of workers, and they sanitary facilities should be placed with maximum approximation to jobs. The number of places for storage of clothes in the dressing rooms at the open method of storage working clothes must be equal to the number of employees in all shifts, and domestic service is equal to the number of employees in two adjacent, the most numerous shifts. The estimated number of people per 1 shower net, depending on the nature of production, varies from 5 to 20, number of people per 1 crane in the washrooms - from 10 to 20, the number of toilets in the dressing room - 1 for 25-40 persons, etc. In enterprises with buildings without natural light, and also at the enterprises located in areas North of the Arctic circle, it should provide votarii.
Laundries industrial enterprises must comply with the requirements of SNiP II - L. 14-62 "Laundries. Design standards, and take into account the special requirements established for individual types of production (for example, SP № 382 - 61 30/IX 1961 for special laundries, manufacturing clothing, contaminated with radioactive substances and other).