Health education

The main objective of health education is to spread among the population and hygienic knowledge and skills, acquaintance with the prevention of diseases. To acquire this knowledge workers are recommended to visit lectures, talks, classes in the universities health, to read the magazine "Health", to watch TV and movies, listen to lectures on radio on health topics. All this contributes to the increase of General and sanitary culture of the population.
As already mentioned, all health workers, wherever they worked, are obliged to invest their contribution to business of education. The effectiveness of health education depends on many factors and first of all from what material is the lecturer, as far as the currently topical theme of his message, as it sets out the material than illustrates his etc.
Using any method of health education (radio, television, print, oral and written word, cinema and so on), the first essential is the ideological direction, the application of Marxist-Leninist methodology, ensuring connection with actual tasks and goals of health, with the tasks of improving the level of sanitary culture, struggle against reactionary ideology, prejudice, superstition, religious dope and so on
Speaking about the Soviet medical science and health, it is necessary to highlight their achievements. It should be noted that in the capitalist countries, medical assistance available, not all, because it is very expensive. Achievements of the Soviet medical science, are materialistic stands ruin many religious views on the man, his illnesses, characteristic of the bourgeois world. Therefore, the hallmark of the Soviet health education is its scientific character.
Great job in this respect conducts Central research Institute of health education. Any lecture or conversation based on modern scientific data. The basic principle is to talk about the difficult simply and effectively. However, you should avoid overly simplified presentation.
An essential condition for health education is the right choice of material. Especially the content of any lectures or talks should be targeted to meet the challenge set before itself the lecturer. Along with the use of literary material it needs data from the life of the collective, which reads this or that lecture (for example, injuries, poisoning, infectious diseases, and so on). Life examples make the lecture more convincing and attract the attention of the audience.
But we should not exaggerate, resulting negative examples, and giving them in a summarized form, as this may create some listeners wrong idea about excessive prevalence of these phenomena.
Health education is one of the important factors that can contribute to reducing morbidity, as the only competent in the hygiene against people can behave correctly when those or other diseases.
It is therefore important that the topic of the lectures was dictated not just by the necessity to hold any conversation or lecture, and based on the specific situation that has arisen or may occur at the site. To detect this situation helps analysis of morbidity on the site. Once it is established that the specific weight of some diseases began to grow, it is necessary to use all possible kinds of health education in order to explain to the population the basic symptoms of the disease and prevention.
Thus, only the knowledge of the level and nature of disease and injury among the population can tell health workers theme of the lecture or conversation. The word of the doctor or nurse will focus the attention of the audience to fight the disease.
Teaching students with some signs of the disease it is necessary first of all to ensure that patients have timely applied for medical aid. This should not devote listeners into the details of those events, which are organized health workers in the fight against this disease, because it can cause some people have adverse reactions. This applies, for surgical procedures. In lectures about the dangers of Smoking, alcoholism, on the contrary, the lecturer may slightly exaggerate and tell what negative consequences can lead these bad habits.
Thus, the lecturer should thoughtful approach to presentation of the material and know where to focus the attention of the audience, and where not to do so.
One of the most common methods of health education is a method of an oral speech (lecture, talk). Before to speak, the lecturer should be well prepared to record the content of the lecture or conversation.
There are three types of documents that may be in the process of preparation: the plan, abstracts and transcription of a lecture. The plan is a list of issues to be light in lectures, in the order in which they will be set out. The abstracts should contain the main provisions of topics. Plan and theses are presented for approval to the institution that supervises the work of the lecturer.
The summary is a reminder of the lecturer. He is a plan, complemented by citations, figures, examples, links to visual AIDS, etc. There are certain ways to arrange notes that facilitate the use of them. Thus, the abstract should be written on separate sheets of paper on one side. The convenience of such records is that in subsequent speeches on the same topic lecturer can easily complement their material with new data or change the structure of the lecture. Usually, the lecturer does not hide from listeners that he is abstract, and after the presentation of the material that is written on this page, pushes it to the side (this also has the advantage of writing on one side of a sheet).
Of course, it is impossible from the beginning to the end to read their abstract actually having loud reading material.
You must use it in order not to disrupt the sequence of the material and to provide the key figures and quotations. The lecturer should look at the audience, feel the mood and to respond accordingly.
It is recommended to write the summary so that with one look to see what is needed. To do this, write legible, neat handwriting, the main places to allocate large letters or underline in red pencil, it should find the most convenient for the author of the material on each page of notes.

All course material is usually divided into three main parts. First, a brief, part of the lecturer talks about what is the significance of this topic for students. The second part of the lecture is devoted to the main material. The third part of the conclusions.
The basic rule for the conduct of sanitary-educational work is maximal involvement of the population in a number of sanitary activists. Therefore, in the final part of any lectures, talks should address to the audience with a proposal to support health workers in order to practical actions to contribute to the control of diseases, injuries, the struggle for purity at work, at home etc.,
After a good conversation, lectures by doctors or nurses among listeners are always people ready to help health workers on the site, people who themselves could be the conductors of the sanitary and hygienic knowledge among the population.
It is advisable to accompany the lecture, discussion of visual AIDS or use of the student Board and chalk to draw schemes, write the numbers, and so on, All this makes the message more accessible to students and better remembered.
After the presentation of the material usually by the lecturer ask questions, to which it must respond. If it was a conversation, it is usually the questions are in the process of presenting the material and then they get an answer. During the lecture, questions are asked in writing, and after it - verbally. In either case the lecturer at the end of his speech answers questions from the audience. If serving a nurse or doctor is unable to answer a particular question, you should not be shy, but you need to tell the audience that some provisions, related to this issue will be clarified in the next meeting will be given an exhaustive answer. To follow the lecture or conversation, you must read the relevant literature and to answer your question.
The second common method of health education is the method of the printed word - brochure, magazine, book, leaflet, newsletter, memo, wall newspaper, slogan, and so on, people can buy them in kiosks and bookstores. Usually in medical institutions on the tables laid out various printed materials and patients are able to read them.
The duty of all medical workers to be agents and distributors sanitation literature among the masses of the population.
Third, the main method of health education - the so-called visual method. It means the display of models, replicas, models, charts, posters, photos, diagrams, drawings, etc., This method is based on the visual perception of the material. No wonder people say: "Better to see once than to hear".
Visual method is used not only during the lecture or conversation, it is widely used independently. Main visual AIDS are posters. There are two types of their agitation and propaganda. Propaganda poster is always bright and in summary form gives an idea about any fundamental issue, concerning health of people. For example, to the poster " Cleanliness is the guarantee of health" foreground is represented buxom girl or a young man during water treatment. On propaganda poster often provides the relevant data, often with digital material, with several pictures. Such posters less bright, but always impressive. There are other types of posters.
Usually posters hang on view in the public areas with the highest concentration of people. However, the trail to remember that one should not be overly abuse the abundance of posters in the same room as they thus lose its urgency and efficiency.
The fourth complex method of health education, simultaneously covering a large audience is radio, television and film. Their possibilities are endless, especially film and television. Here you can use all the methods described above and bring to the audience that it is impossible to do using any one method of health education.
It is recommended to read the lecture on the local radio network in the factory, farm or farm. Sanitary-educational films should be shown after the public meetings in clubs and cinemas.
Health education in our country pays much attention as it promotes the rise of sanitary culture of the population, prevention of disease and the formation of a materialistic worldview our people, builders of the Communist society.