Sanitary transport - vehicles specially designed or adapted for transportation and evacuation of patients, survivors and for other purposes related to medical and medical-evacuation services for the population and the army in peace and war time.
There are sanitary transport ground (horse, automobile, railway), aircraft (planes, helicopters) and water (sea and river).
All kinds of sanitary transport must meet the following basic requirements: easy loading and unloading of sick and injured; the possibility of transportation in the prone position (on stretchers or without them), and sitting. Transportation can be combined: part stretcher places, some sitting. During transportation must be provided: the maximum quietness, convenience and good hygienic conditions to the injured and the sick; the ability to service the wounded and sick in motion (access to them for in the way of necessary medical measures); the availability of necessary supplies and equipment to provide medical care to evacuees and care; sufficient speed, maneuverability, high passability.
Ambulances must meet the following special requirements: minimum shaking and swaying of the body, high smoothness of a course, no vibration, maneuverability, high passability.
On equipment of medical services are ambulances equipped with rising dressing table, oxygen-respiratory and anesthetic equipment, devices for blood transfusion, electrocardiographs and other Specialized medical team can carry out the necessary urgent measures on the spot and during the transportation of the patient in hospital (see Ambulance).
For evacuating large numbers of sick and wounded fit passenger buses, where you can place patients in 2 or 3 tier (with preservation of passes). The stretcher is served in the body (through the rear doors) always head end forward. In the beginning establish a stretcher on the upper tier. The best conditions on the lower level, that we have to keep in mind when evacuation of seriously ill and wounded, particularly over long distances. If necessary, use adapted trucks: body is covered with an awning; establish arc, which are mounted on brackets stretcher, put removable benches.
In the Far North, where the evacuation of the sick is connected to the significant difficulties that can be used snowmobiles with high traffic and speed of movement, and tracked snegurochkoy conveyors.
Rail transports in peacetime rarely used, but of great importance in time of war (see ambulance transport).
Water sanitary transport - boats, cargo ships, boats and so on - in peacetime also rarely used; boats used for medical evacuation for short distances, and for the salvation of people in case of accidents and accidents on water.
Aviation sanitary transport - see the Station of sanitary aviation.
Evacuees affected patients and accompanying caregivers, which provides care for them and can perform the necessary health measures at source and transport the victim to a medical facility. For these purposes, sanitary vehicles equipped with the necessary equipment, medical-sanitary means and property.