Sarcoptoides (synonym Sarcocystis) is a disease that occurs when the penetration of cercopoidea in muscle tissue. Sarcoptoides belongs to the group of zoonoses; widespread among animals. In humans is very rare.
Pathogens - cercopoidea, simple organismsbelonging to the class Sporozoa, detachment Sarcosporidia. Parasites inside the cells striated muscles of vertebrates, where form an oval or elongated length-bags - sarcocyst. Sarcocyst, size from a few microns to 55 mm have two-layer shell with granular mass inside it. Microscopic examination: the content consists of a number of chambers, filled with single-core protoplasmatic balls, which are disputes Crescent shape. The parasite in the process of life allocates Sarcocystis (or narcopolicemen)that have a different effect on animals. Sarcocyst arise in the muscles. Old sarcocyst, dying, obesesluts and become visible to the naked eye. Biology of the parasite, the cycle of its development are not well understood.
Sources of infection are Pets. Infection may occur with the use of meat and milk of infected animals, as well as by the bite of insects.
The disease occurs after falling cercopoidea into the small intestine. In the epithelium of intestinal they breed, migrate into the muscle tissue. The duration of the incubation period is not clear. Sarcoptoides often takes the form asymptomatic carriage and less often in the form of the disease of varying severity. Diagnosis of invasion is usually for a human cadaver of deaths from different causes. It is necessary to differentiate sarcocyst with Trichinella and limestone concretions in the muscle tissue.
Treatment and preventive measures are not developed.