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Diseases of the cardiovascular system

  • The syndrome has mitral valve prolapse
  • Physiological "athlete's heart"
  • Pathological "athlete's heart"
  • Tonzillacktomii syndrome
  • Changes in blood pressure
  • Hypertensive status
  • Hypertensive status
  • Functional tests in the diagnosis of various forms of Hyper - and hypotensive States
  • Violations heart rhythm
  • Degeneration of myocardium by physical overload
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Diseases of veins
  • Sports cardiology, studying the changes that occur in the circulatory system under the influence of intense exercise, like, for instance, space cardiology, is part of the overall cardiology. Sports cardiology studies of positive and negative changes of blood circulation system, resulting from the influence of both acute and chronic physical exercise various degrees, and solves issues of diagnostics, treatment and prevention of pathological changes resulting from the excessive exercise.
    In sports cardiology should include a study of the influence on the cardiovascular system inactivity, in particular the study of untrained your own heart, characteristic of modern man's mental labour, deprived of professional physical activity.
    Cardiovascular system athlete has long been the object of study of both domestic and foreign authors. However, still many issues remain outstanding and are waiting for the decision.
    The term "athlete's heart" was introduced into medicine the German scientist Hansen (Henschen). He called the sporting heart of physiological enlarged heart, developing owing to practice sports.
    In the extensive literature on this issue, you can find different, sometimes diametrically opposed, evaluation heart of an athlete, as certainly pathological, as always physiological. In particular, there is no common point of view on the possible emergence of pathological changes in the cardiovascular system athlete under the influence of sports and clinical assessment of such changes.
    In a number of works as pathologists and clinicians, published mainly in the late XIX and early XX century, proved unconditional negative impact of sport on the cardiovascular system. In these works, "athlete's heart" was regarded as abnormal increase its size, identified among athletes, was considered as a negative feature, and even growth of the number of diseases of the cardiovascular system in a number of countries explained by the passion for sports (J. Corvisar). On the other hand, many authors insisted on undeniable positive impact sport has on health and the cardiovascular system and believed that the heart of the athlete has considerable ability to adapt to a great exercise. Among these authors are at the position of a number of German authors (N. Reindell, N. Krehl, and others), who argue that a healthy heart can safely transfer exercise of any intensity, and sometimes find pathological changes of heart athletes always show that it has been damaged to sports. These extreme points of view on the "athlete's heart", as always pathological or as always physiological, cannot be accepted, and the truth, as usual, lies in the middle.
    The basis of modern sports cardiology lies clearly formulated the largest Soviet cardiologist G. F. lang in 1936 the concept of the existence of both physiological and pathological sports or heart, as he spoke, sports blood circulation apparatus. This understanding of the "athlete's heart" significantly expanded pre-existing views and has made things clear in the concept of "sport cardiology".
    G. F. lang wrote that every enhance the functions of the blood circulation apparatus in the "athlete's heart" is defined, of course, the health not only of the heart and vessels, in particular neurohumoral system, regulating the blood circulation.