Therapeutic physical training in diseases of the cardiovascular system

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Diseases of the cardiovascular system are among the most common and most often lead to disability and death. Many of them are chronic-with slowly progressive deterioration of the patient.
One of the reasons of increasing the number of diseases of the cardiovascular system is to reduce motor activity of modern man (physical inactivity). So, to prevent these diseases must be regularly engaged in physical training, to include in the daily routine of different muscle activity. When the disease Therapeutic physical culture suspend further its development, has a therapeutic effect. Strictly measured out in doses, gradually increasing physical activity increases the functionality of the cardiovascular system, are important means of rehabilitation. In chronic diseases, once achieved sustainable improvement of the health status, but to achieve further improvement of the functions of the cardiovascular system is not possible, therapeutic physical culture used as a method of maintenance therapy (C. N. Moshkov). Thus, therapeutic physical training is an important means of prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and maintenance of the existing situation.
Diseases of heart and vessels cause of dysfunction, manifested symptoms, and cause a variety of complaints from patients.
One of the violations of the heart is increased its abbreviations - tachycardia, which compensates for the deficiency of blood circulation and may be a symptom of various diseases. Patients often feel as tachycardia palpitations - strengthening and acceleration of work of the heart due to increased excitability of the nervous system. Heart rhythm disturbances and even reducing HR sometimes also feel, as a heartbeat.
Interruptions in the work of the heart are manifested in the form of a short "fading" of the heart and are most often caused by the compensatory pause at extrasystoles.
Shortness of breath at diseases of cardiovascular system adaptive response aimed at compensation of heart failure. First, shortness of breath appears during exercise, when expressed circulatory failure and it appears alone, talking, after a meal. Shortness of breath is caused by the accumulation in the blood of non-completely oxidized products of metabolism (especially carbon dioxide), which cause irritation of chemoreceptors and respiratory center. Cause shortness of breath can also be a stagnation of blood in the lungs due to failure of the left ventricle. With increasing congestion in the lungs during sleep may suddenly begin an attack of severe shortness of breath - cardiac asthma. However, the patient has the choking feeling acute shortness of breath and tightness in the chest. Asthma attacks can also occur during and after exercise.
Swelling develop in severe circulatory failure. Education helps them increase of venous pressure and capillary permeability, and a reduction in renal blood flow and congestion in the kidneys reduce the ions of sodium and delay it in the tissues, which changes the osmotic pressure - is water retention in the body. First, swelling appears only in the evening at the ankles, feet and legs, and by the morning pass. The patient, being on bed rest, they are formed on the back, lower back. In severe deficiency of blood circulation of the fluid is not only in the subcutaneous tissue, but also in internal organs (swell and increase liver, kidney), as well as in body cavities (in the abdominal cavity - ascites, pleural cavity - hydrothorax).