Dementia (synonym dementia) - the irreversible depletion of all mental activity, accompanied by loss of or reduction is received in the past, knowledge and skills and the inability or difficulty in acquiring new ones.
Allocate congenital dementia (see Mental retardation) and acquired resulting from illness. Depending on the disease are distinguished senile, paralytic, alcohol, vascular, schizophrenia and other forms of dementia. By the severity allocate dementia complete (total and partial dementia (lacunar, focal).
Full dementia is determined impaired criticism, judgment, memory, slowness and inefficiency of thinking and carefree mood. Characteristic complete loss inherent in the patient previously features of his character. Examining a patient with full dementia never know what kind of person he was before. A full example of dementia dementia is when progressive paralysis.
At partial dementia, there has only been one or another, but more often shallow drop of criticism, judgment, and memory. Dominated by low mood with tearfulness, irritability, fatigue. An example of partial dementia dementia is for vascular diseases of the Central nervous system.
Along with clearly dementia allocate state of reduction of the level of the individual. This light forms weakening of mental activity. They are persistent decline in activity decreased performance, fatigue, impoverishment of the circle of former interests, irritable weakness. Constant light memory impairment and rubbed former personal characteristics. Usually retain sufficient critical attitude to the existing violations.
When the diagnosis of dementia patient needs to stationgreat to treat the underlying disease, and in advanced cases - for the care and supervision.