Social hygiene

Social hygiene, medical and biological science that studies the influence of various social factors on the health status of the population.
In the basis of social hygiene in the USSR lies Marxist-Leninist doctrine on the nature and society regarding the relationship between social and biological laws. The most important role in the development of social hygiene in the USSR played created under the leadership of C. I. Lenin Program of the RCP(b), adopted by the eighth Congress of the Party, which determined the radical improvement of working conditions, lifestyle and healthcare workers. An outstanding role in the development of social medicine as a science has played N. A. Semashko and H. P. Solovyov. Social hygiene studies problems characterizing population health (morbidity of various groups of the population, demographic processes, disability, physical development), and issues health organization. The results of social-hygienic research play an important role in the prevention and reduction of mortality of the population of the USSR.
The most widely studied: 1) the dependence of the health of workers from the mode of production and environmental factors; 2) the incidence of overall and connecting it with the medium, including the incidence of infectious; morbidity with temporary loss of ability to work; social diseases, i.e. diseases with a strong social nature (tuberculosis, venereal disease, trachoma, alcoholism, accidents, occupational diseases, cardio-vascular, nervous and mental diseases and others). The factors of social environment, impact on population health include labor, housing, nutrition, recreation, physical culture and sport. The social environment is also characterized by a condition of medical aid to the population - its scope and quality.
Deep study are demographic processes and their relation to the social environment and living conditions: the birth rate, General and child mortality, natural population growth, longevity and issues of longevity.
Of great importance is the development of issues directly related to the organization of health care: treatment-and-prophylactic assistance to urban and rural population - examination, outpatient and inpatient care for adults and children, obstetrics; the therapeutic care workers in industry; sanitary-antiepidemic organization; issues of training, specialization and advanced training of physicians, paramedical personnel, the use of medical personnel, scientific organization of their work. A special place is occupied by the study of the questions of Economics, management, planning and accounting in health care: perspectives of development of public health, medical care standards of the population and labor of medical personnel, sanitary statistics.
The peculiarity of methods of social hygiene - complex solution of problems related to health, development of measures arising from the totality of socio-economic factors that affect population health. Studying the health of the population, social hygiene uses complex data in many scientific fields: housing and communal hygiene, health, nutrition, hygiene of children and adolescents, as well as clinical disciplines and health history.
The Soviet social hygiene is fundamentally different from social hygiene in the capitalist countries. Social hygienists bourgeois countries, recognizing the influence of the social environment on human health and the team believe that the unfavorable factors of environment in the conditions of bourgeois society disposable by carrying out relevant reforms, without affecting the foundations of the capitalist system. In contrast, the social hygienists socialist countries believe that the unfavorable factors of social environment eliminated only in socialist society, in which there is no contradiction between the society and the interests of the workers.
Social hygiene and organization of health care are the subject of teaching at medical institutes and medical schools of the USSR. Cm. Health, Planning of health, Sanitary statistics.