Socio-economic basis

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5

Full restoration of functions tired during the shift workers over the age of 40-45 years contributes to an increase in time of rest and rational, physiologically reasonable distribution of regulated rest breaks during the working day. In these conditions it is possible to prevent disruption of the balance of functions, which is especially easy occurs in older workers into force of the age-related loss of adaptive opportunities of an organism. Performance evaluation, and fatigue older persons of working and retirement age more difficult than young people, due to the decline in physiological reactions. In the diagnosis of early stages and degree of fatigue is essential application of the functional dosed loads, allowing to reveal the growth of the physiological value of operations performed, and consequently, the intensity of work exceeding the normal level. Quite informative source for the estimation of fatigue, even in the initial stage are the data on the increasing variability of individual operations, the increase in the number and extension of micropause, increasing uneven performance in the separate periods of time.
When determining the duration of rest breaks and the nature of their use is necessary to take into account working conditions, which themselves can be a stronger factor in fatigue and exhaustion than the work done. Under adverse conditions, special attention is paid to the organization of activities and their content to ensure a restful and stimulating the health effect.
Our studies of age-related health representatives of various professions has shown that it is impossible to recommend a single age labor standards. They should be installed normalization service company. However, from a practical purpose group from Minsk physiologists labor, headed by A. I. Fist (1974), developed approximate age norms for persons of different ages. The norm for men 20-40 years old and women 20-38 years, taken for 100%, should be reduced for people 16-20, 41-50, 39-47 years 10-15%, 48-55 and 51-60 years by 15-30%, for pensioners - on 30-60%. Of course, these estimated aggregate data are subject to change depending on the characteristics of production, working conditions and workers ' health.
For old age pensioners and disabled persons working in special workshops and enterprises, provided by the 25% reduction srednetajelogo pace of conveyor-Assembly work, which provides the opportunity to work in private free rhythm, and a short (chastitysavoy) working day with one hour lunch break after 3 hours of work and two 15-minute breaks through l,5 and 4.5 hours of work.