Fruit juices

Juices, fruit drinks, received at upresnovanie various fruits. Juices contain carbohydrates (from 10%to 30%, depending on the type of juice and the amount of added sugar), mineral salts, vitamins, organic acids, tannins, digestive enzymes, phytoncides, essential oils. Fruit juices are of great importance in the diet of children and patients with diseases of gastrointestinal tract, urinary system and metabolic disorders. Apply freshly prepared (natural) and canned (pasteurized fruit juices. For children and dietary food to fruit juices add, except sugar, ascorbic acid. With the aim of preserving nutrients fruits and berries heat treatment when canned juices should be minimal.
Prepare clarified juice and unclarified with pulp. The most useful thick juices as they retain the natural taste, color and aroma of fresh fruits and contain all the valuable nutrients, a large number of mineral salts, microelements, pectin substances and vitamins, including water-insoluble. To obtain such a juice fruit wipe and puree homogenized. The resulting fine consistency homogenised puree makes them a good digestion. Juices with pulp - dense, with long-term standing not stratified. In the factory processing vitamins are preserved better than in the preparation of juices at home. In canned juices long-term remains a significant amount of vitamins (table Content of vitamins and mineral salts in the juices of fruit (on materials of the Century A. Vlasov, M. I. Olevsky, A. Pokrovskii, A. f, Tura)).
Except fruit and berry juices, has received widespread vegetable juices. Carrot juice is prepared by mixing carefully wiped carrot puree with sugar syrup and its subsequent homogenization. Tomato juice is made from ripe tomatoes. These juices are characterized by high content of many vitamins and especially A, PP.
In the nutrition of children of early age, starting with 1.5 months of life, we can recommend Apple, blackcurrant, grape, carrot juices. With 3 3.5 months - plum, cherry, apricot, raspberry, tomato. Do not mix of Apple, carrot and cabbage juices containing askorbinka - enzyme that destroys vitamin C, with other juices. In order not to cause acute digestive disorders, juices should begin to give off small amounts. Normally on the first day given 2-3 drops, the other day 5-6, etc. the First six months of the child recommended to give to 50 ml of juice a day, then up to 60-80 Jr. If the child has a tendency to diarrhea, and it is allowed only lemon juice, if tendency to constipation and carrot and orange juice. To give juices children should after eating, as they are before eating can lead to decreased appetite. Strawberry and strawberry juice need to give very careful, because they can cause diathesis (see). Of fruit juice fast and easy to cook jelly, mousse, gel.
Fruit juices are applied in therapeutic feeding adults. Patients with gastritis with low acidity gastric juice is better to assign the acidic juices (Apple, cabbage, cherry, tomato 50 - 75 ml an hour before meals), and elevated acidity gastric juice - sweet juices (apricot, strawberry, raspberry, grape). Cm. nutritional therapy.