Somatotropin (synonym HGH) is a hormone protein nature, produced eosinophilic cells of the anterior pituitary. Somatotropic hormone stimulates the synthesis of proteins in the tissues of the body, which causes increase of organs and body growth. Somatotropic hormone also affects the fat, carbohydrate and water and mineral metabolism.
Increased production of growth hormone in children (for example, tumors of the pituitary gland) leads to gigantism, Mature - acromegaly. The result of insufficient production of somatotropic hormone in children is dwarfism (hypophyseal nanism).