The health status of the population

The health status of the population is characterized by the set of indicators - incidence, demographic data (fertility, mortality total and children, the natural population growth), life expectancy, disability, physical development of the population, primarily children, adolescents, pre-military training. Each of these indicators alone allows to judge about the health of the population; only together they provide a sufficiently complete description of the state of health of the population. Population health depends on the state of the external environment - social (conditions of work and life) and natural (climate, air, water, soil). The social environment, in addition to working conditions, housing, nutrition, recreation, characterized by the state of health care to the population - a network of health care institutions and the quality of their activities.
Under the Soviet health care based on the principles of prevention, public, free and high quality medical care, provision of the population of a specialized medical assistance and organization of sanitary-antiepidemic service are the most important prerequisite for good health. Therefore, in assessing the health status of the population along with the above morbidity, mortality, etc. it is important to analyse the indicators population outpatient, hospital and other types of assistance, the quality of work of medical institutions. For example, in the analysis of hospital and polyclinic assistance should be clarified such issues as the provision of the population of this important form of assistance, quality of diagnosis and treatment, the mortality of patients utilization of hospital beds, and so on activity Analysis of epidemiological stations allows to judge about the quality of health surveillance, warning and current, anti-epidemic activities of these institutions, which is essential for the health of the population.
The analysis of activity of maternity hospitals, women's and children's consultations, nurseries and other childcare facilities provides an opportunity to assess the role of these institutions in the fight against morbidity and mortality of pregnant women, mothers and children.
Information about the state of health of the population are of particular importance for the planning of health, whose task is to develop activities aimed at improving medical service for the population, based on the study of socio-economic conditions, morbidity data (see), mortality (see), the birth rate (see) and other health outcomes.