Consciousness disorders (dizziness) - transient, lasting minutes, hours, days, sometimes weeks, mental impairment. Is determined by a combination of such characteristics as: 1) detachment from the outside, manifested by difficulty, the inability to perceive the real world; 2) partial or complete disorientation in time, place and surrounding persons; 3) one or another degree of besvesti of thinking, weakness or complete impossibility of correct judgment; 4) full or partial zapamiatavali.a period clouded consciousness. For diagnosis clouded consciousness, you must have all four of these signs.
There are five main syndromes clouded consciousness.

  • Stun
  • Delirium
  • Oneiroid
  • Amentia
  • Twilight dizziness
  • State clouded consciousness in the form of stunning, delirium, Amancio most often occur infectious and toxic psychosis, for various organic diseases Central nervous system, for example in vascular psychosis. Twilight dizziness is especially characteristic of epilepsy and traumatic psychoses; oneiroid - for schizophrenia and less epilepsy.
    When diagnosing the state of stupefaction consciousness should immediately send a patient in a psychiatric hospital, accompanied by a medical assistant and a nursewho should not deviate from the patient or on the move. Transportation of patients to upset the minds of the type of delirium, oneiroid or twilight aberrations of consciousness is always difficult because of the frequent their state of arousal aggressive actions. In these cases it is necessary to increase the number of accompanying a sick persons to three. Patients with stunning, amentia and severe delirium require careful monitoring because of their physical condition. During transportation, the health worker must be in possession of drugs injected intramuscularly), stimulating the cardiovascular system and breathing. Treatment depends on the underlying disease. Cm. also Delusional syndrome, Hallucinatory syndromes.