Sports games

Sports - view outdoor games, a variety of sports. Sports games have different contents and effects on the body. As a physical exercise they have a number of peculiarities. Continuous change's provisions in the game forces the participants to immediately react to the actions of opponents and partners, doing right, most of the new movement. Thanks to this sport games more than any other exercise, in which the sequence of movements pre-defined (as in gymnastics) or they basically repeat (Jogging, swimming and other), develop such valuable qualities as resourcefulness, determination, ability to quickly navigate in an unexpected situation. The need to follow the rules educates playing discipline; the team also brings up the ability to act in the team, a sense of solidarity. Various variations and combinations of movements and techniques contribute to the development of muscular strength, and motor response (fast), the coordination of movements (agility). All sports games in varying degrees, develop eye, increase the sensitivity of the motor and functional stability of the vestibular analyzer. Enhanced muscle activity during sports games contributes to the improvement of the regulatory activity of the nervous system and to improve the functionality of respiratory organs, blood circulation, improve metabolism, improving overall endurance of the body.
The impact on the organism sports games depends mainly on the amount and nature of activities performed during playing of muscular work. The more varied and more complex techniques of the game, the more it moves, associated with intensive muscular work (fast running, jumping, power struggle, and others), as well as the more and faster movement of players on the court, so this game is a stronger effect on the body and the more valuable it is for all-round physical development. Any game on a variety of techniques, pace, physiological load for experienced and novice players are different. However, irrespective of this, every game is always retains its intrinsic feature of effect on the organism. This determines the possibility and expediency of application of separate sports games among people of different sex, age and state of health.
In this respect, all the most popular sports games can be divided into 3 groups.
The first group - badminton, volleyball, table tennis. These games are characterized by relative diversity of movements (strike the ball, jumping and others)promoting the development of motor reaction, coordination of movements. However, the limitations of movement, playing on the Playground, especially beginners, reduces the value of these games for the physical development (in particular, physical endurance). But a physical load and the simplicity of primary techniques make these games are widely available for people of both sexes, different age and physical training.
For medical reasons, these games are applied in therapeutic physical training (see). This group of sports games can be attributed tennis. Due to the large diversity of movements and mobility value of this game for the physical development much more. Despite the relative complexity of start playing techniques, tennis thanks to the possibility of dispensing load available to men and women, including the elderly. Teaching children these games, you can start with 8-9 years.
The second group basketball, handball (handball) - differs from the previous high diversity and intensity of the movements (fast running, jumping, catching and throwing the ball in different positions and others), frequent and quick change of gaming environment, the rapid movements of players on the site. This calls for a comprehensive physical development - speed, dexterity, strength, and endurance. Games of this group are available to both men and women older than 40 years, as the abundance of speed and power movements, fast paced and mobility create high physical activity. Teenagers playing techniques you can start with 9 - 10 years, practice - with 11-12 years.
The third group of male sports, among which the most widespread are football and ice hockey. A feature of these games is the predominance of their movement speed and power of nature.
Much more diverse and complex also the whole complex of techniques and movements: running (in hockey - skate) frequent and drastic change of pace and direction, various methods of ball or puck and blows on him, receptions of the power struggle for the ball permitted by the rules of the game, and other than games of other groups, these games develop skeletal muscles and muscle strength, and overall physical fitness. Along with the positive impact on the physical development of football and hockey more encourage the development of strong-willed qualities of courage, determination, and others). The General nature of the games, high physical activity make them available only for young men (up 36-38 years). Training adolescents, the methods of game it is better to start not earlier than in 10-11 years, the training - from 12 years (with a reduced load). This group of sports games include Rugby, similar effects on the body with football, water Polo, physical load and effect on the body which are high because of the rapid movement of players in the water.
Sports games are prominent among the main tools of physical education. The favorable influence of positive emotions during sports games on the state of the nervous system determines great value tiring sports games as a means of recreation.
With systematic training and competitions on sports games a medical follow-up (see). In the training of adolescents, particularly those games the 3rd group, great importance is the General physical training. Under medical supervision for sports games special attention is paid to the prevention of injuries, especially in games where permitted methods of the power struggle (football, hockey). This strict adherence to the rules and discipline among the players and prevent rough and dangerous game, the use of protective devices (shields in football, helmets, gloves, bibs in hockey and others). Cm. also the Sport.