Staph infection

Staph infection in children - a group of infectious diseases caused by Staphylococcus. Staph infection has a significant place among infectious diseases in children, the neonatal period and the first months of life.
Infection of newborns is happening in different ways. In most cases, staph infection of the newborn is caused by infection by pathogenic staphylococci in maternity hospitals. Intrauterine infection of the fetus occurs when a violation of the permeability of the placenta in severe septic diseases of the mother during pregnancy. Infection can occur and in complicated childbirth (protracted parturition with a long dry period, operational manuals). The majority of babies are born with sterile skin and mucous membranes, which in the first minutes of life are populated by microbes in the environment. A hotbed of relatively pathogenic staphylococci can be skin and mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract staff or mother. Most epidemiological danger persons, patients with angina, a respiratory catarrh, and especially the so-called malicious carriers of pathogenic Staphylococcus, constantly emit massive amounts of staphylococci of the same type, resistant to many, even the latest antibiotics. Infection of newborns in maternity hospitals is often a result of poor sanitary and hygienic conditions. The focus of staphylococci in hospitals can be soft equipment, blankets, mattresses, sheets, bathrobes staff.
For epidemic outbreaks of staphylococcal infection in maternity hospitals characterized by the similarity of the clinical manifestations of the disease, mass morbidity of children and mothers.
Gateway infection in newborns can be: skin, mucous membranes, the navel. The main factors contributing to the emergence of purulent diseases and sepsis in newborns, are low natural immunity from the mother and insufficient resistance of the organism of the child to infection (low phagocytic activity of leukocytes and title of complement in the blood, and very low content of lysozyme). For feeding infants mother natural immunity is considerably increased and to the 4-th day he reaches the levels of immunity in the mother. The weak resistance of the newborn to infection contributes prematurity, intracranial birth trauma, poor feeding, violation of sanitary-and-hygienic mode.
Clinically staph infection may manifest as sepsis (see), pneumonia (see), piodermia (see), abscess (see) and other
To prevent staphylococcal diseases in the maternity houses is a complex of measures: 1) strictly observed sanitary-and-hygienic mode; 2) were dismissed from work employees, patients furunculosis and other staphylococcal diseases; 3) patients of parturient women and children suffering from staphylococcal diseases, insulate; 4) carried out the fight against carriers of pathogenic strains of the staff.