Stimulants nervous activity

Stimulants nervous activity - substances, activates mental and physical activity of an organism.
Given the peculiarities of the action on the Central nervous system, among stimulants nervous activity allocate analeptiki, psihologicheskie funds, antidepressants, psychotomimetics funds (see). The last three groups are a group of psychotropic drugs (see) stimulating action.
Analepticheskih, or quickening, a means to stimulate the vital centers of the medulla oblongata, regulating breathing and circulation; in addition, facilitating neuronal transmission of impulses, they have a stimulating effect on other departments of the Central nervous system. Analeptiki are antagonists of narcotic substances have a marked awakens action during anesthesia. The main analeptics are caffeine (see), camphor (see), bemegride (see), korazol (see), kordiamin (see), strychnine (see), securilan (see), Echinopsis (see).
Analepticheskih funds are used in the weakening of breath and function of the cardiovascular system and poisoning substances, oppressive Central nervous system. (drugs, sleeping pills, narcotic analgesics and other), infectious diseases, and shock of kollaptoidnye condition, operations and injuries, respiratory depression and blood circulation in the postoperative period, when newborn asphyxia, to weaken or anaesthesia.
Overdose analeptics observed motor excitation, convulsions, alternating with the oppression CNS. in connection with the exhaustion of the nervous centres.
For treatment of acute poisoning analeptics, which is manifested by convulsions, apply inhalation (an ether, halothane) or neingaltine (geksenal, thiopental) drugs, and chloral hydrate (enema); while the patient is required to ensure maximum rest. If analeptic adopted inside, you must flush the stomach, giving the patient activated carbon and salt laxatives.
Psihologicheskie funds, or psychostimulants, reduces fatigue, improves mental and physical efficiency, improve overall health. The group psihologicheskih funds are fenamin (see), fentin (see), meth (see), perhidrol (see), meridel (see), azakstan (see), lucidril (see). Apply psihologicheskie means to overcome fatigue, to temporarily increase the mental and physical health, and mental practice in the treatment of psychogenic depression, narcolepsy, consequences encephalitis, alcoholic depressive illnesses and other diseases accompanied by fatigue, lethargy, lethargy, lethargy. The systematic application psihologicheskih funds can lead to insomnia, motor and mental excitement, tachycardia, loss of appetite and nervous exhaustion, as well as to the development of drug dependence (addiction). Acute poisoning psihologicheskimi means conduct the same activities as in the administration of analeptics.
Antidepressants - substances, effective with endogenous depression. On the mechanism of antidepressant action, among antidepressants produce substances that enhance the effect of norepinephrine (see Kisin), and a group of substances, oppressive enzyme monoaminoksidazu (see Iprase, Nialamid, Transamin); antidepressant activity has also gemfire (see). Under the influence of inhibitors monoaminooksidasy increases the content of biogenic amines in a CNS and other bodies; in addition to antidepressant action, these substances have the ability to extend the effect of some drugs: drugs, hypnotics (including barbiturates), analgesics, sympathomimetics.
Strict selectivity in action of substances of different groups of stimulants nervous activity no. So, psychostimulants have to some extent properties analeptics, antidepressants have a stimulating effect.
Stimulants nervous activity is also the fruit of Schizandra fruit, ginseng root, root of Rhaponticum, tincture zamanihi, aralia tincture, Pantocrinum. They have some psihologicheskoe action and used as tonics with fatigue, neurasthenia.