Care dental patients

Care dental patients are specific as operational field is usually the mouth. Patients with extensive tissue defects of the face and mouth (injuries, operations on tumours) usually mentally depressed. With such patients medical staff should conduct interviews, showing them the patients with such defects are already at different stages of recovery operations. Important health care for the skin of the face and neck hair. Moustache and beard men shave; the hair of women short cut or plaiting the hair, and placed the crown under gauze bandage.
Subject bed rest the patient should lie on your side with your head elevated for the prevention of aspiration and asphyxia, periodically changing the body position for the prevention of stagnation in the lungs.
At wounds, penetrating into the mouth, and with extensive tissue defects chin a dressing on the wound quickly get wet saliva flowing, contaminated food - skin irritation. Such patients are made Konoplianik of rubber sheet, rubber bladder, plastic bags, etc.,; the chest of the patient and the pillow covered with oilcloth.
Care for the mouth of great importance to the prevention of many complications in the postoperative period. Removal of food residues, wound exudate , etc. should be rinsed her mouth 3 times a day. Wash out mouth with a solution of potassium permanganate 1 : 3000, a 1% solution of sodium bicarbonate. The solution is poured into the Cup esmarkha, on a rubber tube put on the tip, which vary for each patient, the patient must tilt your head forward, spatula or a dental mirror gently pulling the corner of his mouth, injected tip and carefully wash out all the departments of the oral cavity. Seriously ill rinse mouth, do lying down. While the patient or his head turned to one side, at the corner of the mouth insert the tray. Instead circles esmarkha can be used big rubber balloon. Mobile patients should wash the mouth alone in a specially equipped room after each meal. In the presence of tyres on the teeth (fractures of the jaws) after washing to remove food debris tweezers, teeth carefully wipe with a cotton swab with a solution furatsilina 1 : 5000 or other antiseptics and again washed his mouth jet. The skin around the mouth to avoid maceration grease with zinc or zinc ointment-salicylic paste.
After operations on the face, mouth, or in the damage to this area usually eating difficult, sometimes for many months, so food for such patients should be liquid or semi-liquid, the food allowance increased. All the vegetables in the soup should be wiped, in the soup, add eggs, ground crackers, and so on, seriously Ill, unable to take liquid or semi-liquid food in the usual way, fed through the drinking bowl. The same drinking bowl necessary for patients with fractures of the jaw, when the jaw clamped tires. On drinking bowl wear rubber tube length 20 - 25 end of a tube introduced over the last large molar tooth or dentition defect. Dose throat govern, raising the drinking bowl and squeezing the tube fingers. The first days of the patient feeds medical staff, and then the victim gets used to this way of eating. When a swallowing disorder in the postoperative period the power to carry through the probe (see Artificial feeding).
On the face, as a rule, apply the open method of doing wounds: bandages impose only in the first days after surgery. With extensive damage after opening abscess or phlegmons of the face, chin and submandibular areas sometimes you need long-term wear bandages.
Care in case of complications during outpatient surgical interventions on the jaw (bleeding from the wells of the extracted tooth and others) - see Extraction of teeth.