Forensic dentistry

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In forensic medicine over the last decade, new independent part - forensic dentistry. The selection of this section was due to the further differentiation of medical Sciences, in particular the development of dentistry as the original medical discipline with professionally trained in this area of medicine specialist dentist.
Forensic dentistry studies dental problems in the interests of legal practice of the company. Among the main issues of the modern forensic dentistry include:
procedural fundamentals of forensic dental examination;
- forensic examination of lesions of the soft tissues of the face, maxillo-facial bones and teeth in cases of mechanical injury, fire damage, the actions of extreme temperatures and electricity, radiation injuries;
- forensic examination of the damages caused by the teeth;
- identification of the personality, age, sex, profession, place of prosthesis for dental status;
- forensic examination of professional offences dentists and other medical professionals dental institutions.
In foreign forensic dentistry was repeatedly emphasized that the forensic dentistry should be considered as part of General dentistry (Keiser-Nielsen and others). This view is incorrect in historical terms, for damage caused by the teeth of man, soft tissue injuries, maxillo-facial bones and teeth, personal identification by dental status, fingerprints and traces of the teeth and many other problems of forensic dentistry since ancient times are the subject of research of forensic medicine, while in dentistry they have not yet found its reflection, the same teaching of forensic medicine at the dental faculties introduced in a number of countries at present.
Undoubtedly, that the development of individual problems of forensic dentistry participated and medical specialists. But in this case they did not differ from experts of other medical professions (traumatologists, obstetrician-gynecologists, pathologists and others), which are within his knowledge have made contribution to the development of forensic medical science and practice.
The development of modern medical science, the interests of the legal practice of the society, suggest that forensic dentistry should be independent section of forensic medicine. There is no doubt that the future of this section is not conceived without wide use of achievements of modern dentistry, who will receive in this case the test in expert activity. We must assume that the development of forensic dentistry will attract and doctors-specialists who will elect forensic medicine as a profession, adding frames of forensic experts.
In 1961 in Denmark was founded Scandinavian scientific society of forensic dentists. The company has set as its goal the promotion of forensic dentistry among dentists, forensic doctors and police officers, as well as attraction to the study of problems of forensic dentistry wide range of specialists. Members of society are now the experts-dentists and forensic physicians in many countries of Europe, Asia, Africa and America. The society publishes the newsletter that highlights the problems of forensic dentistry, information on congresses and conferences, as well as scientific and practical research on forensic dental examination and bibliography world-literature on these issues.
Problems of forensic dentistry is constantly reflected in the work of international congresses and conferences on forensic medicine.
Forensic dentistry is introduced in the programs of higher and secondary dental educational institutions with textbooks and manuals on these issues. Actively is conducted preparation of experts in forensic dentistry.