Pages: 1 2 3

The structure of morbidity athletes

Life shows that athletes get sick, sick differently, from different causes, and nothing unusual and surprising in this. This does not mean that sport carries pathology. However, physical overload, causing fatigue, as well as other possible negative impacts, often found in the sport, can create a kind of pre-pathological condition and can cause pathological changes in the body of an athlete. It is also clear that athletes are not all the possible harmful effects of the environment.
The percentage of athletes with various diseases in recent years, according to different authors in different cities of our country is quite high, ranging from 15 to 38,6%, often within 30%.
However, the true picture of the incidence of sportsmen and its structure it is difficult to identify, as the majority of athletes are treated at the place of residence, where and cause a temporary loss of ability to work. Therefore the data about the current morbidity available in some clinics may not reflect the true picture.
Positive effects of physical exercise on health shown in numerous works. Let us dwell on some of them.
A careful study of this question given on a 10,000 workers 15 industrial enterprises R. A. Eremenko (1973), convincingly showed positive effect of physical exercise on health. So, it turned out that if the frequency of acute respiratory infections in persons, physical activity (men and women), respectively 9,1 % and 10.1 %, not dealing respectively 22,3% and 29.9%; re disease pneumonia occur in individuals not involved in physical exercise, 2.5-4.5 % of cases, and the student is 0.2 - 2.2% and so on physical Training significantly reduce the frequency of exacerbations of hypertension, chronic cholecystitis and other Similar data obtained by the author in respect of occupational injuries. Extremely interesting is the author fact of unequal influence of different kinds of mass physical culture on the frequency or repetition as acute catarrhal diseases and exacerbation of chronic. The greatest positive impact studies in health groups", followed by industrial gymnastics, morning gymnastics and on the last place - tourism weekend.
Of considerable interest is the comparison of the data of morbidity sportsmen, athletes and individuals not involved in physical education and sport. However, such research a little. So, L. F. Sorokina (1965) showed that the number of days of incapacity per person per year in women who engage in physical exercise, decreased from 16.2 to 4.7, whereas in the control group, this number has not changed. Similar data can be found in a number of other works.
When comparing data on incidence and number of days of incapacity do athletes and individuals not involved in physical education and sport, was that, with the exception of diseases of musculoskeletal system and some diseases of organs of digestion frequency of initial claims, as well as the number of days of incapacity, the athletes less. Only in diseases of the peripheral nervous system, the number of days of incapacity do athletes were slightly more.
As for the incidence of athletes, for the above reasons convincing enough and accurate data, almost none. The authors involved in this issue, based on a survey of more or less representative groups of athletes, the incidence of which is not always legitimate to compare the incidence of persons not involved in sports. So in the literature one can find various kinds of disease patterns athletes.