Strychnine (Strychninum) - analeptic, the main alkaloid from the seeds of celibacy. In clinical practice, using nitrate salt of strychnine (Strychninum nitricum, Strychnini nitras; list). The drug increases reflecting anxiety spinal cord, stimulates the activity of vasomotor and respiratory centers, sharpens vision, hearing, taste, tactile sensation, tone skeletal muscles, the heart, increases metabolic processes. Used as a tonic when the General decrease metabolism, fatigue, hypertensive disease, the weakening of cardiac activity on the soil of poisoning and infections, in functional insufficiency visual apparatus (amblyopia, amaurosis), with paresis and paralysis, with atony of the stomach in poison pills. Assign inside and under the skin of 0,0005-0,001 g 2-3 times a day. Higher doses inside and under the skin: single - 0,002 grams daily - 0,005 g Children under 2 years strychnine is not appointed. Contraindications of hypertension, atherosclerosis, nephritis, hepatitis, graves ' disease. Method of production: powder, ampoules to 1 ml of 0.1% solution.
In addition strychnine used the following drugs celibacy.
Extract celibacy dry (Extractum Strychni siccum; list a). Assign inside pills 0,005-0,01 g per reception. Higher doses: single -0,01 g daily - 0,03 g Tincture celibacy (Tinctura Strychni; list B). Assign inside of 3-10 drops per reception. Higher doses: single 0.3 ml (15 drops), daily - 0.6 ml (30 drops). An overdose of strychnine possible voltage, facial, neck and other muscles, difficulty in breathing, in severe cases - tetanicescie convulsions. When strychnine poisoning should be washed stomach (if it is accepted inside), enter under the skin apomorphine, give 2 tablespoon animal coal, mixed in a glass of water, saline laxative. When convulsions give breathe ether or enter in a direct gut chloral hydrate. Apply artificial respiration. Cm. also Stimulants nervous activity.