The student asks questions

Professor of anatomy, University of Paris name was Jacques Dubois, but, according to the custom of his time, he took his Latinized name - Jacob Silvius.
Doctoral takes and the degree Silvius received in the University of Montpellier, when he was fifty-three years. Bear put exam at Bishop and his assistants, Silvius returned to Paris, where his name, a thorough knowledge of and dedication to the Galen attracted to the lectures, a lot of students.
In 1533 appeared among them Andrei Vesalius.
A doctor and a collector of manuscripts was the great-great-Vesalius, physician and mathematician his great-grandfather, a doctor and a commentator Arab medicine - his grandfather.
Father Vesalius, too, Andrew, was a pharmacist at the court of Emperor Charles V. So that the interest of the young man to medicine was not accidental.
Being engaged in the Belgian city of Louvain at the rate of classic and rhetoric of science, he studied Greek, Latin, Hebrew languages. But with great enthusiasm dissected and analyzed domestic animals in the attic of her father's house. And the family Council decided to send his son to Paris to study medicine.
But the lectures of the famous Sylvia disappointed Vesalius. How did the lessons of anatomy? Professor at the Department read from the luxury, in a massive leather-bound Tome of Galen, and Ministers-barbers cut to pieces the corpse of a dog or a pig, and the students see the internal organs of animals, mutilated inexperienced hand.
If not natural curiosity Vesalius, Sylvia would be one more diligent student and follower of his favorite Galen. But on the third autopsy indignant student has selected a Minister of the knife and held a section so how did it at home.
He was not troubled mocking greetings comrades about Hobbies despised craft of the Barber, unworthy of the future doctors.
"Tell me, sir, why Galen believed that the lower jaw consists of two halves? This whole unpaired bone... I saw...
- Where did you see it, a master student? impatiently interrupted him Silvius.
- At the cemetery, Professor. There has never caught the lower jaw of two halves. Maybe Galen was wrong?
- No, Vesalius, Galen could not be mistaken. Just nature is not always the ideal structure of human body, which he described. Moreover, after the master's death people managed to change...
Silvius was frowning with vexation. And what does he want, this persistent student! Little he cemeteries? They say he agreed to help with autopsy anatomist Genterius who writes some work on anatomy. That's where it tricky questions! However, Vesalius pretty knows all the bones of the skeleton. Even with his eyes closed he correctly identifies what bone was in his hand. But afford to check the Galen - this is too much even for an able student.
Himself Vesalius many years later wrote about the time of his students: "...My classes would never lead to success, if during his medical work in Paris I did not put the matter own hands..."
What did it mean in the XVI century this application own hands"?
The cemetery on the outskirts of Paris. Night, preferably darker. Between the graves hastily pushed people. A large cloak with a hood makes it unrecognizable. Flying towards the earth from spade. Well, if you do not hear the cemetery watchman. It happens that the silence of the night violates snide question: "What are you doing here so late, my son?" And then in the pocket of the guard pass a few coins from skinny wallet student.
Nothing exaggerated in this picture. Medical students had to steal the bodies and secretly forbidden to study anatomy.
The long hours spent Vesalius on Paris cemetery, where a vaulted gallery dumped bones from roughly dug graves. Here he remembered features of the structure of the different parts of the skeleton.
These were steps leading to a new anatomy, - cemeteries, secret evidence, not to dopadlo all-seeing eye of the Church, never got interested in blasphemous thefts of Church court.
1535 year. Fight Charles V and Francis I. Vesalius returns in Louvain. He parted with Silvium to subsequently acquire in his face evil and active enemy.
At the University of Louvain doctors had not thought about educational autopsies. Here Vesalius the first time gave a lecture on the structure of the human body with the dissecting knife in his hands.
And soon, the young anatomist very lucky: he accidentally had the opportunity to associate a full human skeleton. However, Vesalius finally dropped himself in the eyes of teachers Golenischev and pious inhabitants. In fact, with the city hangin he stole the corpse of the robber.
Shortly after this "outrageous" events he had to leave Louvain. From the wrath of the clergy and grumbling of Philistines did not save even the patronage of the mayor.
After some time, Vesalius appeared in Northern Italy, in Padua.