Shipbuilding (occupational health) - a branch of the national economy, occupied by designing, building and equipping sea and river vessels for trade, transport and fishing fleet and ships for the Navy.
The main adverse occupational factors in shipbuilding are aerosols formed during welding and consisting of oxides of metals (iron, manganese, zinc, chromium and others) and gases (ozone, nitrogen oxides, carbon oxide)and aerosols formed during pneumatic method of painting, cleaning, grinding and other processes. Certain value can have and penetrating radiation.
In the process of insulating works in the air can enter the dust tubes, glass, plastic and other materials used for insulation (see Dust), and a pair of solvents (see), paints and glue. Toxic substances released in finishing works, can get into the body not only through inhalation but also through the skin and gastrointestinal tract. Seams pneumatic tool is the source of noise (see).
Work shipbuilders are often made in closed rooms without natural light, in an uncomfortable position and high static voltages of individual muscle groups.
Radical improvement of labor conditions in shipbuilding is achieved by the introduction of technological, sanitary-technical measures and individual protection means (antiphons, respirators, face shields with supply air and others); the replacement of manual operations automatic (automatic welding under flux, automatic cutting and others); the replacement of toxic varnishes, paints and other materials on harmless; mechanization of labour-consuming and heavy works; the device of local and General ventilation. Are important and therapeutic activities (preliminary and periodic medical examinations of workers, laboratory monitoring of the working atmosphere and others).