Surgery

Surgery is the area of clinical medicine studying diseases, the main method of treatment is surgery.
Surgery is one of the most ancient medical specialties. As a clinical discipline surgery continuously complicated and improved.
At different times from her "gemmated" and became independent ophthalmology, otolaryngology, neurosurgery, urology, gynecology, Oncology, traumatology and other
For research of the surgical patient, in addition to traditional clinical, laboratory and x-ray methods in recent years is widely used a number of special instrumental, x-ray and functional studies (bronchoscopy, esophagoscopy, laparoscopy, angiocardiography, bronchopulmonary and others).
Surgical treatment [bloody and bloodless surgery (see)] is used in diseases of all organs and tissues of human organism. There are: surgery of the abdominal (abdominal surgery and thoracic surgery) cavities; separate niche areas surgery (surgery lung, heart, blood vessels, rectum , and so on); oral and maxillofacial surgery, reconstructive surgery is restoration of disturbed functions and lost anatomic formations.
Development of methods and techniques of surgical operations performed operative surgery.
Fundamentals of surgery: asepsis (see) and antiseptic (see), different types of anesthesia (see Anesthesia, Anesthesia, Anesthesia), preoperative preparation and care after the operation (see the Preoperative period and the post-operative period).
Modern surgery requires the surgeon not only a master of the technique of operative intervention, but also deep knowledge of other medical disciplines, first of all, anatomy, normal and pathological physiology, therapy, pharmacology and other

In the view of most people the most important weapon of the surgeon's scalpel, with which it is introduced into the body to relieve his suffering. But there is a bloodless surgery. Modern opportunities technique can do with a laser, endoscopes, ultrasonic beams many of the "no operation". About scientific-technical revolution helps service of health, described below.
Information for healthcare providers, for undergraduate medical students.