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Surgical instruments

Surgical tools - tools, devices and apparatus used in surgical manipulations in the dressing room, and operating in operations and diagnostic examinations.
Most surgical instruments made of steel with corrosion-resistant coating (neklinovka), or, much better, of stainless steel. Some tools are made of brass (tracheotomies tube), rubber catheters, drainage tubes) and plastic (nylon, polyester, PVC skin, polyethylene, polyurethane and other). For the production of Buga (see) using organic materials (silk), covered with a varnish.
Surgical instrumentsused in the majority of operations (General), can be classified by function, such as Surgical instruments for separation of tissues - scalpels pushistye average (Fig. 1) and a large, pointed (Fig. 2), amputation knives small and large (Fig. 3), resection knife (Fig. 4).
Scissors pointed straight (Fig. 5), with rounded edges (Fig. 6), bent (Fig. 7), curved on the plane for dissection of tissues and husking tumors (Fig. 8), curved on the plane with a narrow blade for cutting fabrics in deep cavities (Fig. 9), for cutting dressing material (Fig. 10), with a button on one end for the dissection of the bands (Fig. 11).
Surgical tweezers are used for gripping the edges of the wound (Fig. 12): his (Fig. 13) for a wider grip, anatomical (Fig. 14) for the delicate seizing tissues and removal of sutures.
Hemostatic clamps used for any transactions: direct threaded, length 20 and 16 cm (Fig. 15), with curved cuts, length 20 and 16 cm (Fig. 16), terminals with meats and straight teeth, length 20 and 16 cm (Fig. 17)and curved (Fig. 18). Hemostatic clips of the type "Moskit" with direct sponges (Fig. 19) and curved (Fig. 20) is used for gripping of small vessels, especially in the tender, easily torn tissues. To stop bleeding in deep cavities used hemostatic clip S. P. Fedorova (Fig. 21).
For expanding and separation of tissues uses a probe goiter with hole for hosting under a dedicated vessel ligatures (Fig. 22). To study the channels and cavities are designed probes Pugovkina with ear (Fig. 23), bilateral (Fig. 24) and globularia (Fig. 25).
For expanding the wound edges are a variety of hooks lamellar large and small (Fig. 26), blunt two (Fig. 27), Trident, chetyrehsot small, medium, large (Fig. 28), as well as a sharp two-pronged (Fig. 29), Trident small, medium, chetyrehsot (Fig. 30).
To attach operating underwear to the skin using clips surgical linen (capci) - plate (Fig. 31), with cremalleras (Fig. 32); special clamps are used to attach the napkins to the peritoneum (Fig. 33, 34).
To connect the tissues (closing) apply different types of surgical needle № 1-12: skin with curved triangular cross-section and a mechanical eye (Fig. 35), pipe (Fig. 36) thick and thin for stitching tissues in the depth of the wound, having circular cross-sections (intestinal) to prevent injuries vessels (Fig. 37) and all direct (Fig. 38). For ligation of vessels used needles ligature on handles stupid (Fig. 39) and acute (Fig. 40) right and left.