Birth certificate

One of the largest contemporary scientists, engaged in the circulation, Eric Nile, the man cheerful and immediate opening in 1962, the international Congress of cardiologists, started his speech with the statement that William Harvey in the XVII century knew his subject deeper most current physiologists. Of course, it was a joke, but it was something serious. No wonder our teachers for many years prior to the speech of the Nile introduced the credit in the works of William Harvey - fail credit were not allowed to exams on physiology.
The eldest son of Thomas Harvey, a wealthy merchant, William Harvey was born in 1578, in the small port Folkstone, near Dover. Ten-year-old William gave in Canterbury College, where he studied mainly Latin, which was then very helpful. Six years later, Harvey is a student at Cambridge. The training lasted for four years, but did not satisfy the young man: in the University main subject was the theology, but Harvey was attracted by the natural Sciences. The only one of the seven sons, he refused promising career as a trader and chose the path of knowledge.
Fortunately for Harvey and for all mankind, the family of the future great scientist impedes implementation of its desires and provided him with material support not only in the years of teaching, and throughout his life. At the end of Cambridge University William go to Germany, then in the University of Paris and finally in Padua, where he became a student of the famous Fabrizia, the successor of Vesalius. Shortly before Fabrice made a discovery: found venous valves. However, honour, correct interpretation of this finding belongs to Harvey: it will interpret the role of the valves of the veins, but much later.
Padua University is over, Harvey returned to Cambridge and receives medical diploma of the 25-year life. Further work of William Harvey was held in London. Here he soon became a doctor of the hospital of St. Bartholomew was elected the member of the Board of the London doctors. High prestige gained him fame and provided extensive practice. His patient was Francis bacon, the founder of the European materialism. Friendship with bacon undoubtedly contributed to the formation of the world Outlook of the young doctor. Thanks to the patronage of bacon and other influential clients Harvey became life-medic (arkatron) under king James I, and after his death, during the reign of Charles I. Simultaneously Harvey - Professor of anatomy and surgery at the London medical College. However, the most time and effort Harvey gives experimental studies, the result of which was the discovery of blood circulation, officially dated 1628 year when she released the famous book of the scientist, "a study on the movement of the heart and blood in animals.
With the opening date of circulation, blood circulation made to link the birth of physiology, although the content of his immortal book William Harvey stated in the lectures with the Department already in 1615. Thirteen years he devoted to in-depth research to dismiss all possible objections. We must note that most of the titans of science, born Renaissance, by the moment of coming of age Harvey as a scientist had not yet managed to create a springboard for the rise of the thoughts of the great physiologist. Blaise Pascal have not published developed the basics of hydrostatics; Evangelista Torricelli not yet formulated the law on the rate of flow of fluid through the holes under the action of gravity; Daniel Bernoulli... until his research was far away. Of course, there were predecessors, we still say, but their scientific savings was obviously not enough for deep generalizations. Anyway themselves predecessors such generalizations are not made. And could not do: it took a new, experimental method of cognition (vivisection) and the genius of William Harvey.
Little book of William Harvey (less than 100 pages) was published in Frankfurt, as the printing press in Germany was in that period on the order above, than in England and France. In the Preface to the Russian translation of the book I. P. Pavlov described the work of Harvey clairvoyance reality.

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