On the relationship of medicine and physical culture

Link medicine and physical culture is rooted in antiquity. Hippocrates is recognized as the father of medicine, who lived in the fifth century BC, highly assessed the importance of exercise and as hygienic means, and as a method of treatment of patients.
In the manuscripts of the Indian and Chinese doctors, written in 3000 B.C., you can find descriptions of gymnastics as a method of treatment of various diseases. In Ancient Egypt, China, India and Persia doctors along with the exercises used massage. But the founders of the use of physical exercises for the treatment of patients, i.e., medical physical culture, should be considered the ancient Greek doctors, are rather accurately described exercise, used with the medical purpose. Link medicine and physical culture is not limited to use of physical exercises for the treatment of patients. All persons engaged in physical culture, in one way or another, need medical supervision to determine the effect of exercise on the body.
Currently, the relationship between medicine and physical culture is becoming closer and necessary. This is because, on the one hand, in physical culture and sports increasingly involved various layers of the population, the increasing of sport achievements, requiring an increasing rise in the volume and intensity of the workout.
Therefore, the thesis of the first people's Commissar of public health N. A. Semashko, nominated by him in 1924 - "Without medical supervision no Soviet physical culture", not only has not lost its significance, but every year it becomes more and more urgent. Of growing importance, and another thesis N. A. Semashko "Physical culture - 24 hours a day", envisaging the requirement of the right balance in the regime of work, sleep, nutrition, rest and exercise.