Sympathectomy is a surgical resection of any section of the sympathetic Department of the vegetative nervous system (the edge of the sympathetic trunk, its ganglia or fibers of the sympathetic nerves). The following types of sympathectomy: total sympathectomy, i.e. the cutting edge of sympathetic trunk to a considerable extent; Troncoso sympathectomy - resection edge of the trunk between two of the ganglia; anglickom - removal sympathetic unit; splanchnicectomy - resection splanchnic nerves and periarterial sympathectomy - resection of the external membrane of the arterial wall with passing in her nerves. Along with sympathectomy exist operations simpatikotonia that are in the intersection of any Department of the sympathetic nerve without resection.
The therapeutic effect of these operations is to eliminate pathological impulses from the lesion and causing the persistent lesions in the Central nervous system excitation. When sympathectomy vessels in desinfizierender area expanded. In this regard, the therapeutic effect is most pronounced at the diseases accompanied by spasms of blood vessels.
The main indications for use sympathectomy are vegetative pain syndrome, trophic ulcers, and pathological processes associated with disorders of peripheral blood circulation (obliterating endarteritis, Raynaud's disease, erythromelalgia).
After the operation disappears spasm of blood vessels in the affected limb, decreases swelling, pain, helps to heal the wounds.