Tobacco production

The tobacco manufacturing industry, processing tobacco raw materials and producing tobacco products.
The main occupational hazards of tobacco factories is fine tobacco and cigarette dust, the nicotine content of which varies from 0.7 to 3% . In the dust uncommon silicon, relatively high and ash dust. Most dust is generated during operation of the mechanical processing of raw material (sorting, pressing, screening and packing). The nicotine content in the air of industrial premises may reach 4 to 6 mg/m3. During the fermentation process can be formed and other toxic substances methyl alcohol (see), carbon monoxide (see). It is not excluded possibility of contamination of raw tobacco chemicals, which handle plantations of tobacco. The hazards of tobacco production was also intense noise, high temperature (up to 50-60 degrees) and high humidity in the shops.
Workers can be observed inflammatory changes of the mucous membranes of the nose, throat, gums, bronchitis, conjunctivitis, bronchial asthma caused irritant and allergic properties of tobacco dust. To effective health interventions for tobacco factories refers sealing process equipment with local suction device, and the use of personal protective equipment (goggles, respirators U-2K, f-S, protective ointments and pastes EEC-2, Selitskogo and others).
Monitoring of improving conditions of labour should include systematic hygienic measurements of parameters of microclimate, toxic discharge, noise, etc. and constant monitoring of the health of workers (periodical medical examinations at least once a year). Hygienic working environment parameters must meet standards (EQSs tobacco dust 3 mg/m3).