tobaccoTobacco is a plant of the family Solanaceae. In the wild tobacco growing in America and some Pacific Islands. In many countries on special plantations grow different kinds of tobacco, which after processing manufacture of tobacco products (cigars, cigarettes, cigarettes etc).
There are more than 70 varieties of tobacco, which differ in their fortress and action on the human body.
The chemical composition of tobacco complicated. Its leaves contain nicotine, nicoteen, nicotine, nicoteen, pyrrolidin, ammonia, nitrogenous compounds, nitrogen, malic, citric, oxalic acid, ash and other Major toxic substance tobacco is nicotine (see). In tobacco products contain from 0.7 to 5%, and in green leaves from 2 to 9% of nicotine.
Tobacco Smoking is the dry distillation with the formation of new products. The chemical analysis of tobacco smoke in it detected: carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, wood alcohol, ammonia, soot, nicotine and related alkaloids, pyridine bases, organic acids and other recently established a presence in tobacco smoke is carcinogenic hydrocarbons (3,4-benzpyrene)that experimental animals they can develop cancer. Statistics proved direct connection between Smoking and lung cancer in humans.
Analyzing the smoke of different brands besfiltrovye cigarettes, established the presence of radioactivity tobacco smoke. In particular, found a significant amount of polonium-210. The half-life of polonium-210 equal to 138 days. Lingering on the mucous membrane that covers the bronchi, especially with frequent Smoking, polonium plays an important role in the emergence of chronic bronchitis and malignant tumors of the lung.
When Smoking tobacco may appear different chronic diseases of the mouth, tongue, larynx, pharynx, bronchi; the frequent cases of tuberculosis. Especially negative impact Smoking tobacco on the nervous and cardiovascular system, promoting the development of neuritis, spasms of blood vessels and the subsequent development of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Intermittent claudication (obliterating endarteritis) often appears hard-core smokers.
Also has negative effects of tobacco Smoking on the mucous membrane of the esophagus, stomach, intestine (catarrhal and spastic condition). Tobacco Smoking has decreased sexual potency in men and sexual desire in women. Nicotine inhibits the centers of erection and enhances neurasthenic state. Smoking women Smoking tobacco is harmful impact on fetal development.
Private conversation with a smoker about the harmful effects of tobacco is the main method of treatment. Smoking cessation mainly depends on the person, from his perseverance, willpower and a sincere desire to quit Smoking. Therefore, a permanent, efficient, timely health education in this direction will contribute to the rapid Sitio this bad habit.
In recent years, to help smokers who decide to quit Smoking, there are special preparations (Bulgarian - tabeks, Soviet - lobesil and others), the main current top which is lobelias.