Rules of cleaning teeth

On the question of when, what and how to brush your teeth, there is a lot of conflicting advice. Some people recommend to brush your teeth in the morning, others in the evening, others after every meal. Until recently, individual experts considered that it should apply only tooth powder, some have proposed to use and dental powders, and toothpastes, however, most researchers believe that toothpastes are the best modern means for hygiene of the oral cavity.
To take care of the oral cavity should since 4-5 years. Of course, it is good when the child learns brushing organized in kindergartens, schools, using visual AIDS; models, paintings, posters, offering concrete examples and rehearsing cleaning of the teeth.
First of all, the child should be taught to brush his teeth with one brush moistened with water, without pasta, and especially to train him for a thorough rinsing. The child needs to show how to hold the toothbrush, how to move her in relation to the teeth and then how to rinse his mouth. It is very important from early childhood to instil in the child a sense of need daily brushing. It is advisable to teach a child to rinse the mouth after each meal, i.e., after Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
Any movement of a brush while brushing teethCare of mouth cavity should be regular, systematic, as periodic held from time to time, brushing does nothing. Plaque, incorporated on teeth, has time to soak salts and not removed with a toothbrush. In a single tooth brushing it better to exercise in the evening. With double care of oral cavity morning teeth cleaning should be carried out immediately after Breakfast, and evening - after the last meal. In the morning on an empty stomach good enough rinse mouth. This is the most effective scheme of hygienic measures, which should be recommended for training.
Most people are brushing on an empty stomach. Are accustomed to this and consider it natural. Meanwhile, after Breakfast (as after every meal) in the interdental spaces stuck some food, which at long stay in the mouth contribute to the formation of dental plaque.
A. I. Rybakov recommends evening brushing wet toothbrush without pasta, followed by vigorous rinse the mouth. This proposal, based on clinical observations, is also one of the most efficient and expedient.
Movement brush while brushing teeth must be made along the axis of the tooth, including parts of the gums and while concurrently massage of soft tissues, which improves blood circulation and metabolic processes in the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. In no event it is impossible to clean teeth across the axis, it can lead to premature loss of enamel in the neck of the tooth.
As the long-term observations, the number of cleaning movements, their sequence, and mainly comprehensive coverage of teeth brushing most people lack. Thus, research has shown that the vast majority of people spend on cleaning of the teeth are not over 18 - 30 C, although many of the respondents and subjected the study seemed that this procedure takes not less than 2 - 3 minutes, Respectively, the results of such brushing, certain indices were also unsatisfactory: plaque, food debris remained on the tongue, soft palate, and the chewing surfaces of the teeth and outside - in interdental spaces. In General, cleaning was carried out not more than 30%, which is clearly insufficient and does not lead to the desired preventive effect.
To clean the teeth, it is necessary to produce about 300 - 400 paired movements toothbrush. These movements should go along the axis of the tooth in the form of "scraping" or "sweeper" (Fig. 27). The latter is more efficient because it promotes better cleaning of the teeth and gum massage. Usually in the area of one of the groups of teeth, exposed cleaning, produce at least 6 - 8 pairs of motion with a brush.
To start cleaning should be first on one side of the large molars and then, grasping for 2 - 3 teeth, move the brush in the direction of the front teeth. Having made the required number (6 - 8) paired movements in the field of the same teeth, brush moves next. The same procedure is repeated on the other side of both jaws. Then also consistently clean Palatine, speaking and chewing surfaces of the teeth in the upper and lower jaws. Especially carefully it is necessary to clean the lingual surfaces of the lower teeth, as it is they often collected and deposited plaque changes later in Tartar. The chewing surfaces of the teeth cleaned in two directions: along sweeper and movements across. Toothbrush should penetrate into interdental spaces, between the hills teeth, ie in the most characteristic places plaque accumulation and delay the remnants of food.
(Fig. 28) sequential brushing and cleaning buccal the surface of the lateral teeth; b - cleaning speaking the surface of the lateral teeth; - cleaning of the lingual surfaces of front teeth; g - cleaning labial surface of the front teeth; e - cleaning chewing surfaces of the teeth (in the transverse and longitudinal directions).
The whole procedure, including energetic rinsing, should occupy not less than 2,5 - 3,5 minutes When these conditions are met, you can achieve good (70 - 75%) of cleaning the teeth from plaque.
To clean between the teeth gaps exist toothpicks. Sometimes instead of a toothpick in a life used pins, pins, needles, nails and other sharp or metal objects. It is invalid. Their application often leads to injury gums. In addition, the careless use of such "toothpicks" can lead to more serious consequences, in particular to the ingestion of foreign objects.
If necessary, remove food residues from interdental spaces should apply a special wooden or plastic toothpicks. Wooden toothpicks should only be used once and then thrown away. Plastic toothpicks can suffer the same disinfection, as toothbrushes, therefore after washing can be reused. Use toothpicks should be careful not to injure dental papillae, and then rinse mouth.