Prevention of dental diseases

Health education in the practice of doctors and medical sisters of preventive and curative dental institutions is particularly important not only because of the high prevalence of dental caries and diseases of parodont, but primarily because many preventive and hygienic measures should be conducted in person, household or industrial conditions. Therefore, without propaganda basic information about the nature of dental diseases and methods of their prevention is the preventive work among the population.
The aim of health education is accessible explanation of the essence of dental diseases and their impact on the state of internal organs and body systems, promotion of simple mass and individual methods of prevention of dental caries, periodontal diseases, dento-including rational nutrition, General health and oral hygiene, as an integral part of the General preventive measures.
Implementation of the main goal of this important work will be different depending on the audience of listeners and the venue. Thus, in the kindergarten and the school they are as follows:
- acquaintance of the parents with the main factors influencing the occurrence of dental diseases in children, the methods of prevention of dental caries and periodontal diseases and training rational rules of hygiene of an oral cavity;
- acquaintance of teachers and teachers with the basic factors that influence the emergence of dental diseases, as well as with comprehensive preventive activities, carried out by bodies of public health;
- acquaintance nurses, the main forms and methods of prevention of dental diseases, teaching the rules of rational oral hygiene to ensure constant educational work with children on the prevention of diseases of the teeth and periodontal tissues;
- familiarize students with the main factors adversely affecting the teeth and the tissues of the oral cavity, teaching the rules of rational oral hygiene.
In conditions of a production team, especially in the presence of those or other occupational hazards of tasks will be slightly different, as in the conduct of sanitary-educational work in secondary and higher education establishments and institutions. They are difficult to regulate in advance, as they should be pronounced specific character.
Health education should not be limited to conversations in the conditions of clinic. Unfortunately, this state we meet quite often. Such work is inefficient and does not bring the expected results. Sanitary-educational work 4 hours per month (or 44 hours per year), it is advisable to plan in the form of a range of activities in kindergartens, schools, secondary and higher educational establishments, institutions and industrial enterprises taking into account the specific audience of listeners and environment. Along with this dental knowledge need to be promoted and more widely through the press, radio, TV.
Conduct health education should be provided by the General plan of preventive and curative activity of the doctor and nurses. Such a plan should create for the whole year with regard to essential prevention institutions, schedule of vacations, holidays and routine sponsored organizations (kindergartens, schools, establishments and enterprises). In terms indicate the type of activities, subject, time and place of its holding. Plan of health education is approved by the head physician of the clinic and communicated to the sponsored organizations.
Means and forms of health education on hygiene training and education of the population with the purpose of prevention of dental diseases should be diverse tailored to specific audiences and venues. Consider the basic of them in more detail and with regard to those Nations in which preventive work.
It is quite clear that in different groups differently under construction and is conducted health education. If young children it is advisable to conduct the interviews and lessons on the game type, arrange special training game, working with an adult team often need to resort to more serious forms of propaganda - posters, exhibitions, leaflets, flyers. In the first case of sanitary-educational work should be clearly-effective, didactic character, and in the second it should be calculated not only on the hearing and visual analyzers during the lecture or conversation, but the effects in the form of leaflets, memos that you can read and learn at home, for example, tips on rational nutrition, care for the oral cavity, etc., Special attention should be given to parents, teachers and Tutors.
Proper organization and continuous improvement of sanitary-educational work on prophylaxis of dental diseases in General, should contribute to the implementation of a complex of preventive measures carried out by the health authorities.